The state of Himachal Pradesh was called 'Deva Bhoomi ' or the Land of the
Gods. There are evidences of the existence of the pre-historic humans in
this region. It is generally believed that large inhabitants of this region
had actually migrated from Central Asia and the Indian plains from time to
time. The first race to enter Himachal Pradesh was Proto-Australoid followed
by Mongoloid and the Aryan. The Rig Veda mentions about Dasyus and Nishads
living in this region and their powerful king Shambra who had 99 forts. From
the early period of its history, tribes like the Koilis, Halis, Dagis,
Dhaugris, Dasa, Khasas, Kinnars and Kirats inhabited it.
The Aryan influence over this area dates back to the period before the Rig
Veda. The Aryans with their superior war tactics defeated the local tribes
and settled here permanently. The period also saw the establishment of small
Janapadas or Republics in Himachal Pradesh. They maintained a good
relationship with the Mauryans so that they can remain independent for a
long time. They lost their independence with the rise of the Guptas in the
North Gangetic plains. After the decline of the Guptas, several small
kingdoms ruled this hilly state and established their power in its different
regions. Sankar Varma, the king of Kashmir exercised his influence over the
regions of Himachal Pradesh in about 883 AD.
This region witnessed the invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni in 1009 AD. In about
1043 AD, the Rajputs ruled over this territory. The Mughal rulers erected
several works of art as an admiration of this land. The Rajputs, under the
leadership of Sansar Chand owned this region in 1773 AD, till the attack by
Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1804 AD, which crushed the Rajput power here. The
Gurkhas conquered this area and ravaged it.
In about the early 19th century AD, the British exercised their influence
and annexed the areas of Shimla after the Gurkha War of 1815-16. The British
established many hill stations in this region to protect themselves from the
extreme heat and dust of the northern plains in the summer. Shimla became
the summer capital of India and even today, many old houses and buildings
tell the story of English grandeur.
Shimla , the capital city of
Shimla is the capital city of the Indian
state of Himachal Pradesh. It is also a municipal corporation in the Shimla
district. Shimla, India used to be the summer capital during the British
rule in India.
Shimla’s airport has flight connectivity with cities like Delhi, Chandigarh
and Kullu. Kalka, located almost 96 km away, is the nearest railhead. Shimla
is also connected to the major cities of India by road network. On tour to
Shimla travelers can visit a number of tourist attractions. Some of them are
- the Christ Church, Shimla State Museum, Indian Institute of Advanced
Study, Summer Hill, Sankat Mochan, tara Devi, Annandale, Mashobra, Junga,
Arki, Chail, Kufri and Naldehra. Trekking and skiing are some of the options
available to adventure tourists. Tour operators organize trekking tours in
Tourist attraction in Shimla
The Ridge -
The large open space in the heart of town presents excellent view of the
mountain ranges. Shimla's landmarks, the Neo-Gothic structure of Christ
Church and the new-Tudor library building, are worth seeing.
The Mall - It is the main shopping centre of Shimla. It
also has many restaurants, clubs, banks, bars, Post Offices and tourist
offices. The Gaiety Theatre is also situated there. The Gaiety Theatre,
which is a reproduction of an old British theatre, is a center of cultural
activities. People walk up and down the Mall slowly, stopping to gossip, as
it is the main meeting place for everyone. The Ridge and Scandal point are
the two main meeting points at the Mall. A passenger lift of HPTDC can be
taken from the Cart Road and the Mall. Lakkar Bazaar adjacent to the Ridge
is popular for its wood crafts and souvenirs.
Jakhoo Hill -
About 2.5 km from Shimla lies the Jahkoo hill at a height of 2455 metres.
The highest peak in Shimla offers a complete arial view of the town. The
Jakhoo temple, dedicated to Lord Hanuman, is also situated here.
Summar Hill -
About 7 km from Shimla at a height of 1983 metres,
is the Summer Hill. This picturesque spot lies along the Shimla-Kalka
railway line. The place is associated with Mahatma Gandhi for he put up at
the Georgian House of Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur during his visit to Shimla. The
Himachal Pradesh University is also situated here.
- One can reach this 67-metre-high falls from Summer Hill. The falls is
surrounded by thick forests and is about 7 km from the city at a height of
- An ideal picnic spot, the Prospect Hill offers an
excellent view of the surrounding country. It is a 15-minute climb from
Boileauganj and is located about 5 km west of Shimla.
Institute of Advance Studies :-
About 4 kilometres from Shimla is the Indian Institute of Advance Studies.
This was formerly the Vice-regal Lodge. Besides the magnificent English
renaissance structures, the lawns and woodlands of the institute are other
sources of attractions. One has to buy a ticket to enter the place.
Sankat Mochan -
Sankat Mochan has a temple
dedicated to Lord Hanuman on the road to Chandigarh, about 7 km from Shimla.
One can also get a fine view of Shimla from here.
Tara Devi Temple -
Dedicated to Tara Devi, the temple about 11 km from Shimla
on the Shimla-Kalka road. This holy place is also accessible by rail.
The state museum is about 3 km from the city centre.
It has a good collection of statues, miniatures, photos, coins, and other
items from around Himachal Pradesh.
small town located on top of a plateau in Himachal Pradesh, Chamba offers
tourists the perfect destination for a dream vacation. This beautiful locale
is situated in the valley of river Ravi. A sightseeing tour to Chamba will
be no less than a rejuvenating vacation as you get to treat your eyes to
some of the most scenic natural surroundings. Explore the various tourist
attractions of the valley and get bedazzled by the unique amalgamation of
the past with the present. Check out the places to see on a sightseeing tour
Tourist attraction in Chamba
Chamunda Devi Temple
- The ancient temple of Chamunda Mata is dedicated to Goddess Chamunda, one
of the incarnations of Goddess Durga. Just behind the main temple, is a
small shrine dedicated to Lord Shiva. Chamunda Devi Temple situated on a
hilltop and offers panoramic views of the entire Chamba, the mighty River
Ravi as well as the surrounding villages and countryside.
Katasan Devi Temple - Katasan Devi Temple is situated near Baira Siul
Project, approximately 30 km from Chamba valley. One of the main reasons for
the popularity of the temple comprises of its calm, peaceful and serene
locales that offer beautiful views of the valley.
Champavati Temple - Champavati Temple, as the name suggests, is
dedicated to Goddess Champavati, the patron deity of Chamba. It is said that
the temple was constructed by the father of the Goddess, King Sahil Verman.
Built as per the Shikhara style of architecture, it boasts of magnificent
stone carvings and an amazing wheel roof.
Vajreshwari Temple - One of the most revered shrines in Chamba,
Vajreshwari Temple is dedicated to Devi Vajreshwari, the Goddess of
Lightening. It has also been built as per the Shikhara style of
architecture. Since there are no historical records about the foundation of
the temple, it is very difficult to ascertain the year of its construction.
However, it is believed that Vajreshwari Temple is more than 1000 years old.
Chowgan - A sprawling grassland and boulevard in the heart of the
city, Chowgan is the hub of local trade. It is also the starting point of
the procession that forms a part of the Minjar Fair. Even the weeklong
celebrations of the annual fair take place here only. During that time, the
boulevard witnesses a host of cultural events, shows, programs and sport
Bhuri Singh Museum - Bhuri Singh Museum was inaugurated on 14th
September 1908, during the reign of Raja Bhuri Singh. Infact, the museum has
been named after the king only. Situated close to Chaugan town of Chamba, it
was initially started with the paintings donated by Raja Bhuri Singh.
Rang Mahal - Built by Raja Umed Singh in the mid-18th century, Rang
Mahal is also known as the 'Painted Palace'. It is situated at Chamba and
was meant to serve as the residence of the royal women.
Nestled among the mighty ranges of lower Himalayas in Himachal Pradesh,
Dharamsala is the abode of faith, peace and knowledge. Considered to be one
of the most sought after spiritual destinations, this place is the perfect
location to go on sightseeing tours. A tour to Dharamshala will rejuvenate
not just your body and mind, but your soul too. This place offers the best
combination of breathtaking views and soul satisfying experiences. Check out
major tourist attractions in a tour to Dharamshala.
Tourist attraction in Dharamsala
Mcleod Ganj -
Dharamsala is divided into two main parts namely, upper and lower. While the
lower part shows Indian elements, the upper part is essentially known as
Mcleod Ganj. This is the abode of His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, who settled
here after the Chinese invaded Tibet. This place is definitely worth a visit
to experience peace, tranquility and check out the breathtaking
- As soon as we enter Dharamsala, the war memorial reminds us of the post
independence war heroes of Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. These
martyrs lost their lives in Indo China war of 1962, Indo-Pak wars of 1947,
1965 and 1971 and UN peace operations.
Dal Lake - Lush green tall deodar forests surround Dal Lake located
near Dharamsala. One look at it and you will be convinced that it is amongst
one of the most beautiful creations of God. It qualifies for a perfect quite
and serene picnic spot for the locals.
Chamunda Devi - With famous Dhauladhar waterfalls as its backdrop,
Chamunda Devi Temple is not only religiously important but also offers
breathtaking views of the high mountains and the forests of Baner Khud,
Lahala and Pathiar.
Kangra Art Museum - Situated in Kotwali Bazaar of Dharamsala, Kangra
Art Gallery was inaugurated in 1990. It houses an impressive collection of
arts, crafts, artifacts, costumes and other treasures, which can be traced
to as far back as 5th century.
Library of Tibetan Works and Archives - Library of Tibetan Works and
Archives (LTWA) is situated at McLeodganj town of Dharamsala. It was founded
by the 14th Dalai Lama and serves as an institution to preserve and promote
Namgyal Monastery - Sonam Gyatso, the third Dalai Lama, founded
Namgyal Monastery in the year 1575. During that time, it was situated at the
Potala Palace in Tibet. Its purpose was to assist the Dalai Lama in his
spiritual duties and public religious activities.
Norbulingka Institute - Situated at a distance of 4 km from
Dharamsala, Norbulinka Institute has a mission to preserve and promote. It
is a picture of old rural Tibet with all its shady paths, wooden bridges,
small streams and tiny water falls, along with wooden carvings, Tibetan
Thangka paintings, Tibetan handicrafts and arts.
Kangra Fort - Kangra Fort was once the stronghold and seat of power
of Katoch rulers, who ruled the land for over 2000 years. Today, it stands
in ruins because of the devastating earthquake that hit the area in 1905.
One of the most sought after hill stations in
Himachal Pradesh is Dalhousie. Built on five hills, Dalhousie is located on
the west of the Dhauladhar range of the Himalayas. Imagine getting up in the
morning and viewing the snow capped mountain peaks right outside your window
while the mist softly brushes across your face! That is the magic of
Dalhousie, something that is experienced by going on sightseeing tours.
A tour to Dalhousie is thoroughly entertaining as there is something for
everyone. Nature lovers can explore the scenic locales, photography
enthusiasts can treat themselves on picture perfect surroundings and those
who have a penchant for the past can explore temples, churches and other
such intriguing tourist attractions. Come here to discover the real meaning
of natural beauty and embark on a tour to Dalhousie.
Tourist attraction in Dalhouise
Subhash Baoli - The spring of Subhash
Baoli is situated at a height of 6,678 ft in Dalhousie and provides
excellent views of snow-capped mountains. It is named after Subhash Chandra
Bose, who is believed to have visited the place every time he traveled to
Satdhara - Satdhara' or seven springs situated on the way to
Panjpulla are reputed to have medicinal properties as its water contains
'mica', known as 'Gandhak' in the local language. It is a popular tourist
attraction of Dalhousie and a must visit if you are traveling to this place.
Jandhri Ghat - Situated at an altitude of 2036 meters, the palace of
erstwhile royalty of Chamba at Jandhri Ghat was the governing point for the
rulers before Dalhousie went into the hands of British. There are a number
of trophies that can be seen here. The streamlets and tall pine trees
provide some beautiful picnic spots here.
Panjpulla - Located at a distance of 2 kilometers from Dalhousie,
Panjpulla or a memorial with five bridges is a popular tourist attraction.
It has a natural tank and calming surroundings. There are several small
natural pools here that are fed by perennial streams. It was built in the
memory of Sardar Ajit Singh, the famous freedom fighter of India.
Bakrota Hills - Quite close to Dalhousie, the Bakrota Hills provides
breathtaking views of snow-clad peaks and the walling circuit around the
hill known as the 'Round' is a popular destination among locals.
St. Andrew's Church - Built in the year 1903, St. Andrew's Church is
a popular tourist attraction in Dalhousie. It was constructed due to the
efforts of Protestant Christians. The Church is located at a distance of
approximately one and half km from the bus stand of Dalhousie. Though quite
old, the building of the church is still in a very good condition.
St. Patrick's Church - St. Patrick's Church is situated in Baloon,
falling under the area known as the Dalhousie Cantonment. It lies
approximately two km from the bus stand and holds the distinction of being
the largest church of the hill station. St. Patrick's Church dates back to
the year 1909 and its main hall has a seating capacity of 300 persons. The
funds for the construction of the Church were contributed by the officers
and ranks of the British Army.
St. Francis Church - Situated on the Subhash Chowk, St. Francis
Church is one of the prominent monuments of Dalhousie. Army officers as well
as civilians contributed money for the construction of the church. Built in
the year 1894, the church is being maintained by the Catholic Diocese of
Jalandhar. Beautiful glass work and intricate stone work serve as some of
the major attractions of the St. Francis Church.
Khajjiar, located in the Chamba district has emerged as one of the major
tourist attractions in Himachal Pradesh. Historically too, Khajjiar is very
rich and its history is closely associated with the rulers of Chamba. Back
in the 6th century, the local Rajput rulers governed over Chamba and made it
their capital. In the medieval era, this region was a part of the Mughal
Empire. Later it remained subordinate to various Sikh kingdoms. On April 15,
1948, it became a part of the state of Himachal Pradesh. Khajjiar is known
not only for its rich history, but also for being a prominent tourist
attraction. Tourist attractions in Khajjiar include places like the Khajjiar
Lake, the ancient temples of Hindu deities and the beautiful grassy meadows,
which earned it the name of “Mini Switzerland”.
Tourist attraction in Khajjiar
Dauladhar Mountains -
Dense deodars, pines and lush green meadows are
characteristic of Khajjiar. Since Khajjiar is situated at the base of the
Dauladhar mountains, the tourists here can get panoramic views of the
Khajji Naga Shrine - Khajjiar has derived its name from the serpent
God Khajji Nag and it is also the place where the famous Khajji Naga shrine
is located. The temple originated in the 10th century and has intricately
designed patterns on its wooden posts and ceilings. The common belief here
is that these patterns represent the Kauravas who lost to the Pandavas. The
temple was constructed with extracts of limestone quarries which are in
plenty at Khajjiar. Few other shrines of Hindu Male Gods like shiva and
Females Goddesses Hadimba are also located nearby.
Kalatop Wildlife Sanctuary
-This sanctuary falls on the way from Khajjiar to Dalhousie. Kalatop is a
beautiful dense forest where you can get spectacular views of the
surrounding landscape. The forest lies at the hilltop. This is perhaps the
reason why kalatop was named so as its literal meaning is black cap. Deodar,
spruce, kail, ban trees and bushes are the main constituents of this forest.
All these provide safe habitat for the different species of wild life. If
you are a wild life enthusiast, you should definitely visit this place.
Generally Monal Pheasants and other varieties of birds can be frequently
seen here. Sometimes you can even spot black bears and leopards in these
Khajjiar Lake - Another notable attraction of the place is the
Khajjiar Lake. The Lake is considered to be sacred by the locals and is
linked with the deity in the Khaaji temple, Khajjinag. Recently the
Department of Environment has taken up the responsibility for further
beautification of the lake.
Kasauli is a lovely place located in Himachal Pradesh. A favorite
destination for vacation in India, this place is worth going on sightseeing
tours. There are many tourist attractions in Kasauli that are worth the
visit. Kasauli is easily reachable from anywhere in Himachal Pradesh. The
best way to explore Kasauli is by walking. Go on nature treks with your
family, friends or simply by yourself. The roadside shacks offer lip
smacking local food that is a hit with tourists and locals. Embark on a tour
to Kasauli and explore nature in its best form
Tourist attraction in Kasauli
Monkey Point - Monkey Point is the highest point of Kasauli. There is
a small temple atop the hill dedicated to Lord Hanuman that offers
picturesque views of the plains of Chandigarh and silver lining of River
Sutlej flowing through them. An interesting legend states that when Lord
Hanuman was returning with 'Sanjeevani Booti' to cure a severely wounded
Lakshman, the brother of Lord Rama, his foot touched this peak. Thus, the
shape of the hill top is shaped like foot of the Monkey-God.
Lower and Upper Mall - Tourists never miss the two main roads of
Kasauli known as Lower and Upper mall. The two roads of Kasauli are lined
with beautiful pine, chestnut, oak and juniper trees. While the Lower Mall
is known for its eating joints, the Upper Mall does not allow any sort of
vehicles in the vicinity. This has enabled to keep it clean and beautiful,
thus making a long walk extremely peaceful.
Christ's Church - An old church that was built during the British era
is a popular tourist attraction of Kasauli. This beautiful monuments has
ancient gothic construction, spires, etc. that is typical of an Anglican
church. It is dedicated to St. Francis and St. Barnabas. The stained glass
décor and lush green surroundings make it a picturesque tourist attraction.
Kinnaur is located in the North-Eastern
part of Himachal Pradesh. Kinnaur shares its Eastern boundary with Tibet.
The Zanskar mountains form the international frontier between Kinnaur and
Tibet. Kinnaur is a tribal area of Himachal Pradesh in true style. The
breathtaking Sangla valley offers the visitors the breathtaking view of
captivating lush green orchards in the lap of majestic mountains covered
with pure and dazzling white snow. The district has a number of valleys
varying in altitude from 1000 metres to 4000 metres. The main of them are -
The Satluj valley, The Hangrang or Spiti valley, The Ropa or Shiasu valley,
The Baspa or Sangla valley and the Tidong valley. Among these, the Satluj
valley is the largest river valley of the district and traverses for about
140 km. in the region.
Kinnaur has some very important rivers
as - the Satluj, which divides Kinnaur almost in two equal parts. The Spiti
is the second major river of the district. The Baspa river rises on the
North-Eastern declivity of the Dhauladhar range. The Yolong also joins the
Spiti. The Ropa river rises on the declivity of the range that divides the
district Kinnaur and Lahaul-Spiti and merges with Satluj near Shiasu. From
the riotous green of the Sangla Valley filled with orchards of apricots,
peaches, chilgozas and apples to the magnificent desolation of the Hangrang
Valley, Mother Nature's portrait is an ever changing one in Kinnaur. This
land lying on the ancient trade route between India and Tibet, ringed by the
majestic mountain of the Himalayan and Dhauladhar range is the land of
-( 2,680 metres ) It is an important
village of the Baspa valley situated on the right bank of Baspa river is
built on a slope with houses rising one above other with gigantic 'Kinner
Kailash' peak ( 6,500 meters ) towering from behind is also famous for 'Kamru
Fort'. This fort was the place where so many Rajas of Kinnaur were crowned.
The entire place is adorned by soothing saffon fields and alpine meadows.
Rakchham - ( 2,900 metres ) Its name has been derived from
'Rak' a stone and 'Chham' a bridge. The location of the village is striking.
It is located on the right bank of the Baspa river.
Kalpa - ( 2,670 metres ) It is one of the main villages of
the district connected by link road 14 km. from Powari beyond Rekong Peo.
Looming in front of Kalpa is an imressive view of 'Kinner Kailash' directly
across the Satluj river. This mountain changes colors several times a day
with a change of weather conditions or may be as destined by Lord Shiva his
eternal abode. 'Parvati Kund' is located on the top of Kinner Kailash. The
ancient villages of Pangi, Moorang and Kanum are situated close to Kalpa.
Recong Peo ( 2,760 metres ) It is the headquarter of the
Kothi - It is also called Koshtampi. It is little below
Kalpa proper and it is overshadowed by Kinner Kailash peak. Goddess 'Shuwang
Chandika' temple is a famous one in the village. The village with its
attractive temple, gracious willows, green fields, fruit trees makes an
altogether a beautiful landscape.
Pooh - ( 2,830 metres ) It is also known as 'Spuwa' and it
is a tehsil headquarters located on National Highway-22. The place is famous
for vineyards, apricot, almond and grapes orchard. It is 58 km. from Powari
along the National Highway. It has modern facilities for comfortable stay.
The local god is called Dabla, who neither has any dwelling nor possesses an
ark. The only manifestation of the deity is a pole with a small idol set on
its upper portion and adorned with Yak tail hair and long pieces of colored
cloth. The whole being called Fobrang, it is occasion brought to the
Nako - ( 3,662 meters ) It is the highest village in the
valley and the existence of lake formed out of the masses of ice and snow
above adds to beauty of the village. Situated about 2 kms. above the
Hangrang valley road and is 103 kms. from Kalpa on the western direction of
the huge mountain of Pargial. Local village deity is Deodum and another
Lagang temple with several idols exist here. There is a staying hut for
Ribba - ( 2,745 meters) It is also called 'Rirang'. It is
another popular village at a distance of 14 kms. from Morang, the tehsil
headquarters and situated between the village of 'Purbani' and 'Rispa' is
known for grapes, orchards and the alcohol distilled from grapes (angoori).
Leo : Located on the right bank of the Spiti river. It is
the headquarters of sub tehsil Hangrang in Pooh sub-division. There is
temple of 'Jamato' worth visiting.
Chitkul - (3,450 meters) This is the last and highest
village in the Baspa valley in district Kinnaur. It is situated on the right
bank of Baspa river.
Lippa - (2,745 meters) It is in Kinnaur, situated near the
left bank of Taiti stream. Three Buddhist monasteries are there, which are
dedicated to Galdang, Chhoiker Dunguir and Kangyar. The place is also famous
for Ibex found in the nearby forest.
Chango - (3,058 meters) It is in Kinnaur district and is a
collection of four hamlets in pargana 'Shuwa' sub-tehsil Hangrang, on the
left bank of Spiti river. It is encircled on every side by high hills which
is a witness to the presence of a former lake. This village is under the
influence of Buddhism, but there are some local Hindu deities too namely
'Gyalba' - 'Dabla' and 'Yalsa'.
Karchham - ( 1,900 metres ) The confluence of Satluj and
Baspa rivers marks the location of Karchham on Hindustan-Tibet road.
( 2,150 metres ) This village is situated between Taranda & Wangtu on the
left bank of Satluj about 5 kms. above Wangtu. The scenery is enchanting.
Ghoral , antelopes, black & red bears are seen sometimes in higher ranges.
Morang - ( 2,591 metres ) This village is situated 39 kms.
away from Kalpa on the left bank of river Satluj. The location is very
beautiful and approach to this picturesque village is through apricot
orchards. The local deity is Urmig and there are three structures dedicated
to the deity each existing in Thwaring, Garmang and Shilling. Generally
these are empty as the ark of the deity remains in the fort. On a sacred day
the ark is taken to the above named places. The ark has got 18 'mukh', made
of silver, gold and brass. The 18 mukh represents the 18 days of the great
Kinner Kailash Circuit ( Parikrama ) - One can undertake
this holy parikrama from Morang and return to Kalpa / Karcham in 7- 8 days.
Kullu valley is located in Himachal Pradesh, near the beautiful hill station
of Shimla. With the mighty Himalayas forming as its backdrop, the valley
looks like a picture straight out of a fairytale. Comprising the major
tourist attractions of Kullu are its exquisite temples, which attract
tourists from various parts of India as well as abroad. The best time to
visit the valley is in the summer season i.e. from April to June. In this
article, we have provided a list of all the tourist attractions that you
should cover on Kullu sightseeing tours.
Tourist attraction in Kufri
Sultanpur Palace - Sultanpur Palace is one of the major attractions
of the Kullu valley. It houses some beautiful miniature paintings done in
Kullu style, with simple themes such as rural backgrounds, without human
figures in them.
Raghunathji Temple - Housing the idol of Lord Raghunathji in His
chariot, this temple is highly revered by the people of India. It was built
in the 17th century by Raja Jagat Singh of Kullu, to atone for his sin of
bringing the idol from Ayodhya. Raghunathji is the presiding deity of Kullu.
The erstwhile rulers Kullu used to rule over their kingdom, as his regents
and not as the king themselves.
Bijli Mahadev Temple - Situated at Sultanpur, the temple holds great
religious significance. However, the temple is much more famous because a 20
m high rod, which serves as a flagstaff. It is like a ritual to use the
flagstaff for drawingh lightning that completely damages the temple, along
with the 'Shiva Linga' enshrined there. The idol is again set together
carefully by the temple priest, using only pure butter made of cow milk.
Basheshwar Mahadev Temple - Located at a distance of 15 km from
Kullu, Basheshwar Mahadev Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It dates back
to the 9th century and is situated on the banks of the River Beas. The
massive temple has been built in pyramidal shape and houses a large
'Yoni-Lingam' idol, representing Lord Shiva and His consort Goddess Parvati.
The floriated scrollwork on its exteriors and intricate stone carvings
definitely make it worth a visit. The idols of Goddess Durga, Lord Vishnu
and Lord Ganesha are housed in the three-sided shrines outside.
Jagannathi Devi Temple - Jagannathi Devi Temple is situated at a
distance of almost 4 km from the Kullu valley. One has to hike up the cliff
to reach the temple, which comes under the Bhekhli village. It offers
beautiful views of the city from above.
Akhara Bazaar :- Popular as one of the main bazaars and shopping
areas of Kullu, Akhara Bazaar has a number of shops, selling Kullu caps and
woolen apparels such as shawls, pattoos, gudmas, puhlas and namdas or rugs.
Kaisdhar - You have to cross a steep hill to reach the charming
picnic spot of Kaisdhar. It has abundant natural beauty and several
opportunities for bewitching nature walks. Kaisdhar is just the perfect
place to forget all your sorrows and get completely rejuvenated.
Kasol - Situated on the banks of River Parvati, Kasol is an open
glade with clean white sand, grass meadows and rocky terrain. It is an
idyllic holiday destination and a hotspot for trout fishing.
Shoja - Shoja is a beautiful place, perched at an altitude of 2692 m
above sea level. It offers beautiful views of Kullu, its snow-capped peaks,
valleys, rivers and streams, thick-wooded forests and grass meadows.
Raison - Raison is a camping site, run by Himachal Tourism, on the
banks of River Beas. It is situated on the Kullu-Manali highway and is one
of the very few places in Himachal Pradesh that offer solitude and adventure
at the same time.
Katrain - Katrain is the widest point in the entire Kullu Valley. It
has Baragarh Peak on its one side, which is situated at an altitude of 3325
m above sea level. Katrain is also famous for its orchards, bee-keeping and
Largi -34 km from Kullu lies Largi, a tiny hamlet known for its
scenic views and an excellent site for trout fishing. You will need a permit
is to visit this enchanting hamlet. It is situated at the meeting point of
two Himalayan torrents, known as Sainj and Tirthan.
Jagatsukh - The ancient village of Jagatsukh was the first capital of
the erstwhile state of Kullu. The two ancient temples worth visiting here
include the small Gaurishankar shrine and the temple of Goddess Sandhya
Devi. The latter had a chalet roof and wooden verandah added to it in the
Deo Tibba - Deo Tibba is situated at an altitude of 2,953 m above sea
level. The place has been found to have a mention in the great epic of
Mahabharata, in which it has been identified as Indralika. It is said that
Arjuna performed penance here, on the advice of Maharishi Vyas, to obtain
the Pashupati Astra from Indra.
Manikaran - Situated at an altitude of 1,737 m above sea level,
Manikaran is famous for its hot sulphur springs, which are situated near the
River Penal. The water lof these springs is believed to have medicinal
properties. Manikaran is a popular pilgrimage place of both Hindus and
Tabo Monastery - Tabo Monastery is situated in the Spiti Valley of
Himachal Pradesh. The great teacher and translator Rinchen Zangpo founded
the monastery in 996 AD and till today, it holds the distinction of being
the largest monastic complex in the Spiti region.
Sujanpur Fort - Situated in the Hamirpur district, Sujanpur Fort
stands tall on the banks of River Beas. This fort, being perched on top of a
hill, is popularly known as 'Tira' and was built by Raja Abhaya Chand in
town of Kullu, positioned in the charming Kullu valley in the state of
Himachal Pradesh and nestled amid lower Himalayas, is primarily famous for
its breathtaking natural beauty, sprawling spans of lush valleys and
mountains. It is also renowned for its apple orchards, temples, and the
yearly Dussehra festival. All of these draw thousands of tourists from
various parts of the country.
Tourist attraction in Kullu
Raghunath Temple -
The chief tourist interest of Kullu is the Raghunath Temple that worships
Lord Ram, who is believed as one of the most important deities in the Hindu
mythology and is the patron deity amongst the residents of Kullu valley. It
was erected in the year 1660 by Raja Jagat Singh, the one-time ruler of
Kullu, basically to make amends for his sins. He got an idol of Lord Ram
from Ayodhya and founded it in this temple.
Jagannathi Devi Temple -
At a distance of 3 km from Kullu is located
the Jagannathi Devi Temple or the Bekhli temple in the village of Bekhli.
Although it is a precipitous 1˝ hour gradient leading to the temple, it
provides an amazing view of Kullu which is worth the ascent.
Bijli Mahadev Temple -
The Bijli Mahadev Temple is placed on a spur
at an elevation of 2460 meters. As the name suggests, the temple is
frequently struck by lightning (bijli, lightning).
Excursions from Kullu -
There are several shrines around Kullu. The
Basheshwar Mahadev Temple at Bajura (15 km) from Kullu is renowned for its
fine sculptures. The Vaishno Devi Temple (4 km) and the Vishnu Temple at
Dayar (12 km) are some of the other significant shrines worth visiting.
There are a number of excellent tourist spots as well. Located at an
altitude of 1737 meters in the Parvati River valley, the tiny town of
Manikaran (45 km) is celebrated for its hot sulphur springs. These hot
springs are famously believed to have strong healing powers. This place is
revered both by the Hindus and the Sikhs. Tourists can visit the Shri
Ramchandra Temple and the Shri Guru Nanak Devji Gurdwara in Manikaran.
Manikaran has hiking and trekking.
Once the capital of the Chand dynasty, Kangra is a picturesque valley in the
Himalayas is sheltered by the Dauladhar hills. The glory of the town might
have faded but there are many tourist attractions in Kangra. These attract a
lot of tourists to this place every year. Tourists get to see both the
magnificent Buddhist and Hindu Shrines. ToursNorthIndia.com is willing to
assist you with more information about Tourist Attractions in Kangra.
The Behna Mahadev Temple is one of the major tourist attractions in Kangra.
One of the largest gable-roofed temples of the Hindus in the Sutlej valley,
the hanging stone-tiles roof of the temple is supported by angled struts.
Brajeshwari Devi temple is also one of the major tourist attractions in
Kangra. It is said that the temple was built by Brajeswari Devi herself but
was destroyed by Mehmood of Gazni who rebuilt a mosque here. Other temples
like Brij Bihari temple, Masroor temple are also the tourist attractions of
The Kangra Art Gallery is the treasure trove of the arts and crafts in
Kangra valley. Some of the artifacts that are kept here date back to the 5th
century. It also has a gallery of the famous miniature paintings,
anthropological items and sculptures of Kangra. The Karaeri Lake is
surrounded by thick woods with the stunning Dhaludhar Mountains as backdrop.
Sujanpur fort built by Raja Abhay Chand lies on the border of Kangra. It was
built in the 17th century. The judge’s court is a massive complex set over 8
acres of land.
Tourist attraction in Kangra
Brajeshwari Devi Temple - Just outside kangra town, is the temple dedicated to the “living
deity” - Brajeshwari Devi. Known once for its legendary wealth, this temple
was subjected to successive damages by invaders from the North. Mohammed of
Ghazni is known to have departed with a king's ransom in gold, silver and
jewels in 1009. The temple was destroyed completely in 1905 by a devastating
earthquake but was rebuilt in 1920.
Jwalamukhi Temple - 34 km southwest of
is the North India’s most important Hindu shrine – the Jwalamukhi Temple. It
is believed to be the only temple of its kind in India where natural jets of
flame flare out from the hillside covered by the ancient, holy edifice. The
temple has been a great pilgrimage for an assortment of people down the
- The ruins of this formidable
of the rulers of
Kangra are located on a
strategic height, overlooking the Ban Ganga and Manjhi rivers. There are two
temples within the fort’s compound;
one dedicated to Ambika Devi (a local deity) and the other to Laxminarayan.
A Jain temple is also present with the stone image of Adinath. the History
is synonymous with
belonged to him who owned the fot. The most attractive part of this
is inside the Darshani Darwaza. This gate is one of the oldest standing
structures. It opens up to a large stone-paved courtyard surrounded by
various chambers. Thanks to the architects for their matchless creation.
Sujanpur-Tira - About 80 km from
Kangra and 40 km southeast of Palampur, is the fortress of Sujanpur-Tira,
located on the right bank of river Beas. It was constructed by the rulers of
Kangra in the early 18th century and was a favourite residence of Raja Sansar
Chand, a great patron of
Kangra miniature paintings.
This fortress has some beautiful wall paintings which are worth seeing.
Maharana Pratap Sagar Lake - The Maharana Pratap Sagar Lake, created
in 1979 by the construction of Pong Dam
across the river
Beas, lies to the southwest of
district. It was named after the great patriot Maharana Pratap (1572-97 AD)
who struggled valiantly for freedom of Mewar-as for the principle of
independence. Over the river Beas, the Pong dam was completed in 1976. Its
reservoir covers an area of about 45,000 hectares at maximum possible
flooding. The level varies every season and averages around 30000 hectares.
This large wetland when fully occupied during flood is a favoured stopover
for migratory birds from central Asia.
Masroor - Mansoor is situated 15 kms south of
Kangra, famous for its monolithic rock
There are 15 rocks cut
in Indo-Aryan style which are richly carved. The
partly ruined, now are profusely decorated with sculptural decoration,
conceived in the same manner as the great temple of Kailash at Elora in
Maharashtra with which they bear a striking similarity. The main temple is
dedicated to Lord Ram, Lakshman and Mother Goddess Sita.
Palampur - The picturesque little town of Palampur is about 45 km
The undulating expanses of tea gardens unfold the inimitable beauty of
The town came in to
being when Dr. Jameson, Superintendent of Botanical Gardens, North-West
Frontier Province introduced the tea bush here. Since then
became a centre for European tea estate owner. Today, the “Kangra tea” with
its centre at Palampur, has been internationally acclaimed.
town itself has some interesting
colonial architecture and the area around is encompassed by old forts and
temples. East of Palampur is the 9th
century old Baijnath temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Amidst the picturesque Kullu Valley, Manali is a place definitely worth
visiting on a tour to Himachal Pradesh. The immense natural grandeur of the
hill resort, present in the form of soaring peaks, flowering valleys,
blooming orchards and wooded slopes, is enough to make anyone fall in love
with it. Further adding to its beauty is the Beas River, which gracefully
meanders its way through the heart of the town. For those who seek
adventure, sports like mountaineering, skiing, river rafting and paragliding
are the best bet. If sightseeing is what you vouch for, go on a tour of the
beautiful temple and magnificent monasteries of the place. If you get too
tires, lie under the shade of deodar and pine trees and slowly savor the
beauty of nature
Tourist attraction in Manali
- One of the most popular tourist attractions in Manali is the Hadimba
Temple. Located right in the center of the forested areas of the Dhungiri
Van Vihar, the shrine is dedicated to Hadimba Devi, a ‘Rakshashi’ whom Bhima
fell in love with. A four-story wooden temple, it was constructed under the
aegis of Raja Bahadur Singh and is also known by the name of Dhungiri
- As per the legends, Manali was formed by Manu Rishi, the sole person who
survived the flooding and the subsequent destruction of the whole world.
Built in the commemoration of the great Rishi is the Manu Temple. It is
situated in the old Manali and can be reached only by crossing slippery
& Temples - Vashisht Springs is the name given to the hot
sulfur springs that can be seen gushing from the mountains at Vashist. It is
believed that the water of the springs has medicinal properties. Many people
come here to take a dip in the bathing tanks, fed by the spring water.
Situated nearby are the temples of Vashisht Rishi and Lord Rama, which stand
facing each other.
- The Tibetan monasteries of Manali are definitely worth having a look at.
Amongst the most prominent ones is Thekchoking Gompa, which was constructed
in the year 1969. It is situated around the bottom of ‘The Mall’ and houses
colorful frescoes and a mid-size Buddhist statute. Himalayan Nyingamapa
Gompa, housing a gold faced statue of Lord Buddha, is also worth a visit.
- Just like most of the other hill stations in India, Manali also has a
market known as ‘The Mall’. It is basically a long street, lined with shops
that sell various traditional Tibetan, Himachali and Kashmiri handicrafts.
Apart from Chinese clothes and shoes, prayer wheels, amulets, masks, musical
instruments and jewelry are amongst the most popular items here.
The Club House
- If you want to go on a picnic in Manali, The
Club House is just the place to be. Situated around 1.5 km from Tourist
bureau (bus stand), it is a beautiful modern building. It houses sprawling
lawns, a restaurant as well as a well-stocked bar. In case you are looking
for some fun, check out the facilities for racquet games, billiards, skating
rings and various children games.
- Nehru Kund is a clear cold water spring, situated on the Manali-Keylong
road, at a distance of approximately 6 km from the main town. The spring is
said to have originated from Bhrigu Lake. The name of the spring has been
kept after the former Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, who always
used to drink water from it, during his stay in Manali.
- Another popular attraction situated on the outskirts of Manali is Arjun
Gufa (cave). It is around 5 km from the main town and stands adorning the
banks of Beas River. As per the local legends, the cave is the same place
where Arjuna, one of the Pandava brothers, indulged in meditation to get the
'Pashupati Astra' (a powerful weapon) from Indra.
Rohtang Pass -
Around 51 km from Manali is the Rohtang Pass, the
only entranceway to Lahaul Spiti. The Pass is situated at an altitude of
4111 m on the highway to Keylong and is a must visit for the lovers of
trekking. Sudden snowfall in this area can block the Pass even between June
to September (which is the time when the Pass is open for tourists). Dasohar
Lake and Beas Kund (origin point of the Beas river) are quiet close by.
At an altitude of 1700mtrs, Manikaran has a hot spring. Parvati, the consort
of Lord Shiva lost earring here and so the water became hot. Thousands of
people take a holy dip in the water, which is hot enough to boil the Dal,
rice and vegetables.
Nalagarh is a most beautiful city in Solan District of Himachal Pradesh in
India.This place is blessed with most beautiful and spectacular landscape.
The lush green valleys, snow capped mountains, mountain lakes, fast flowing
river, flower meadows, monateries and temples offers a great visual treat
and also takes visitors to trance.Nalagarh was the capital of the Hindur
Kingdom and it is gateway to Himachal Pradesh. Nalagarh renowned in the
medieval period as Hindur State founded by Raja Ajai Chand in 1100 AD, is
the gateway to the charming Himachal Pradesh.Green
Valleys,snow-capped,mountains and gurgling little brooks add to the charm
of this pastorally perfect region. It was the location of the prestigious
princely state during the British Raj. Art and architecture knitted with the
culture of Nalaghar. Raja Ramchander built this Ramgarh Fort in the year
1540. . The last ruler of Nalagarh was Raja Surendra Singh.
One of the finest Heritage Hotel is major tourist attractions in Nalagarh.
It is assumed that Nalagarh Fort is the first one out of the three forts
built by the kings of Jaipur. Nalagarh Fort has placed itself on a hillock
at the foothills of the mighty Himalayas.Nalagarh Fort Hotel is surrounded
by forest and orchard and is built on five levels of the hillock .The first
three levels have beautiful well maintained garden and lawns that
complements the marvelous Mughal style.This is stunning hill station, is
very famous for its picturesque beauty. It attracts good number of tourists
every year.These nearby tourist attractions in Nalagarh is very famous Naina
Devi Temple - it is 60 km from Nalagarh. It is an appealing hill resort of
Nainital. It has derived its name from Goddess Naina Devi; Mughal Garden at
Pinjore - it is 35 km from Nalagarh. It is a very attractive picnic spot;
Swarghat Swarghat - it is 22 km from Nalagarh. It is an attractive picnic
spot and a best place to embark on excursion.
Tourist attraction in Nalagarh,
Nalagarh Fort -
Nalagarh Fort is One of the finest Heritage Hotels
in Himachal Pradesh considered to be all of the major tourist attractions in
Nalagarh. It is assumed that Nalagarh Fort is the first one out of the three
forts built by the kings of Jaipur. Nalagarh Fort consists of several
structures that are mostly built in the Mughal style of architecture.
From this fort, impressive views of the Shivalik Hills located across the
Sirsa river can be viewed and relished. The fort is built on five levels and
rises above a 20-acre estate of forest contain orchard..The first three
levels have beautiful well maintained garden and lawns that complements the
marvelous Mughal style. It has a series of structures built mostly in the
Mughal style of architecture.
Ramgarh Fort -
The Ramgarh Fort is a heritage hotel with a
history that dates back 350 years. It was built by the same person who built
Khajuraho temples - Kushal Singh, a descendant of the Chandel Rajput rulers.
The 37 feet door,the tallest door in India, opens into a fantastic world
where the past joins the present in striking luxuries. The ancient well,
unused tunnels and sun clock generate an atmosphere of mysterious charm and
historical splendor. The interiors are beautifully decorated, and original
designs are conserved in the rooms and luxurious rooms with superb
latticework and mirror mosaics.
Pathankot a city and a municipal committee in Gurdaspur district in the
Indian state of Punjab. It was a part of the Nurpur princely state ruled by
the pathania rajputs prior to 1849 A.D. It is a meeting point of the three
northern states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir. Due to its
ideal location, Pathankot serves as a travel hub for the three northerly
states and is a hub for the defence forces - Indian Army and Indian Air
Force. Pathankot is the fifth largest city in the state of Punjab in terms
of population. It is the last city in Punjab on the national highway that
connects Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of India. This bestows strategic
importance on the city and due to this strategic position Pathankot is also
known as cock neck city. Situated in the picturesque foothills of Kangra and
Dalhousie, with the river chakki flowing close by, the city is often used as
a rest-stop before heading into the mountains of Jammu and Kashmir,
Dalhousie, Chamba, and Kangra, deep into the Himalayas. Pathankot also has
the largest military base in the whole of Asia.
Tourist attraction in Pathankot
Mukteshwar Temple -
Mukteshwar Temple is considered as one of the sacred religious place to
visit and is dedicated to the main deity Lord Shiva. Situated at the
hilltop, the temple has a white marble Shivling with a copper yoni. The
Shivling is surrounded by idols of Brahma, Vishnu, Parvati, Hanuman, Ganesh
The temple can be reached by climbing a series of winding and steep stone
stairs. The trekking to the temple is an experience and those who look for
heavenly feelings can devote themselves to the blessings of Mukteshwar.
Ranjit Sagar Dam - The Ranjit Sagar Dam is the biggest gravity dam in
Asia and the Punjab government has plans to develop the surrounding area
into a major tourist spot. Five kilometers away in the village of Doong,
there are some caves believed to have sheltered the Pandavas of the
Mahabharatas, while on exile.
Kathgarh Temple -
It is an old temple, built in Mughal style, housing
6 feet long and 5 feet round 'Shivalinga' The 'Linga' here is of its own
kind not found anywhere in the world. The Linga inside the temple is made of
wood and it automatically breaks into two pieces and then the two equal
pieces are put in the right place and it again retain its original state.
Nurpur Fort -
Nurpur, originally known as the Dhameri, the fort was
named Nurpur by Jahangir, the great Mughal Emperor, after his favourite
wife, Nur Jahan. The fort was constructed by Raja Basu around 100 years back
and fell into the hands of Jahangir much later. The fort is around 66 km
from Dharamshala in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. This fort has a
Lord Krishna temple. This temple is famous for the Lord Krishna black stone
murti. This murti was gifted by some Rajastani king to Nurpur city king.
Shahpur Kandi Fort -
Shahpur Kandi Fort is nestled in the foot of the
majestic Himalayas, overlooking the Ravi River. It was built in 16th century
by Bhao Singh, who named it after the Emperor Shah Jahan. The little town of
Shahpur is located on the left bank of the Ravi River. The fort now
functions as a rest house. Some Muslim Tombs and a mosque are sighted near
the fort. There is a typical old stone tank just outside the village.
Nagni Temple -
This temple is dedicated to Nagni Mata, a goddess who
protects people by bites snakes. It is arround 30-35 Km from Pathankot,
situated in Himachal Pradesh. It is arround 8-10 Km from Nurpur. There is
the huge fair on every saturday in the month of Augest.
Palampur is the tea capital of northwest India. Set on the rising slopes of
Kangra Valley before they merge with the Dauladhar ranges. But tea is just
one aspect that makes Palampur a special resort. Abundance of water and
proximity to the mountains has endowed it with mild climate. The town has
derived its name from the local word "pulum', meaning lots of water.
Palampur was a part of the local Sikh kingdom and later on came under the
The place enjoys a healthy climate and the pine scented air is said to have
curative properties. The scenery presents a sublime and beautiful contrast-
the plain presents a picture of rural loveliness and repose, while the hills
are majestic. Behind this town stands the high ranges of Dhauladhar
Mountains, whose peaks remain, covered for most part of the year. Situated
in and about the middle of the Kangra Valley, it is convenient base to
explore the surroundings.
Tourist attraction in
Taragarh Palace Hotel -
Now called Taragarh after Maharani Tara Devi, of
the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, who became its subsequent owners,
this is a splendid art-deco mansion set amidst large grounds.
Al-Hilal - A
few kilometres from the city of Palampur is Al-Hilal, a place of
unparalleled charm. During the conquests of Kangra by Maharaja Renjit Singh,
this place was a military bastion.
The charming village, spread below thethickly wooded hill and sprawling
plains of the Kangra Valley was once the home of the famous painter Sardar
Sobha Singh and the playwright Ms Norah Richards. Now Andretta is a centre
for various artistic activities such as pottery and is just 13-km away from
One of the most remarkable monuments of the Beas Valley is the temple of
Baijnath. The village of Baijnath is situated 23-miles east of Nagarkot,
Bir and Billing -
Sheltered by the mountains and surrounded by tea
gardens, Bir serves as a landing ground for hang & para gliders as well as
known for it's Buddhist monasteries and Tibetan handicrafts. One of the best
aero-sports sites in the world, Billing is 14-km from Bir. The mountain
ranges set like an amphitheatre, offer opportunities for high altitude and
cross-country flying for more than 200-km.
Neughal Khad -
Close to the temple of Bundelmata temple, is this
300-metre-wide chasm through which the Neugal stream flows.
Tea Factory -
The cooperative society tea factory provides an
insight to the processing of Kangra Tea.
Temple of Bundelmata -
Walk through tea gardens and open fields or drive
to reach this temple built about five centuries ago.
FESTIVALS OF HIMANCHAL PRADESH
Chet - (Dholru) is the first
month of the lunar year and the first day of the month is cellebrated with a
belief to bring hapiness and prosperity. This festival is known as Chatrali
in Kullu and Dholru in Bharmaur area of Chamba district. In district Kangra,
Hamirpur and Bilaspur, first day of Chet month hold special importance.
Navratras - Navratras are
celebrated with great interest in Himachal Pradesh. Durga Ashtami is of
great importance all over the state. People visit nearest Durga temple to
offer prayer during Navratras.
Baisakhi - It is knows as
Bisowa in Kangra, Bissue in Shimla hills and Lisshoo in Pangi-Chamba. This
festival is generally celebrated on 13th of April. Preparation for the
festival starts much early. The houses are white washed. People take holy
dip at Haridwar, Tattapani near Shimla, Banganga near Kangra, Markanda near
Bilaspur. During day time, Baisakhi fair is held at many places with
traditional gaiety and attraction. Women's participation in large number add
special color to the festive mood of the people.
Haryali - It is also known as
Shegtsum in Lahaul, Dhakhrain in Jubbal and Kinnaur. This festival is
celebrated on the Ist Sawan - 16th July. Few days before the festival, seeds
of five to seven kinds of grains are sown together in small basket full of
earth by any member of the family near the place of the household deities.
Stems are offered to household deities and are also placed on the upper
frame of the door. Farmers do not yoke oxen on this day. Blood sucking
insects like Lice, Bugs, Flees etc. are burnt with cowdung balls. People in
Kinnaur district garland village deity with wild flowers. Dancing and
singing is a common practice during the festival.
Rakhi - Rakhi is one of the
major festivals celebrated all over India. It is known as Rakhrunya in Mandi
district, Salunnu in Sirmaur district and Rakhpunya in Shimla district. It
is well known as 'Rakhri' in most of the Himachal Pradesh. It is celebrated
on the moon full in Shrawan, when sister ties sacred thread round the wrist
of her brother and seeks protection and affection in exchange. Brother too
give her, either money or some other gift with sweets.
Chrewal - It is also known as
Prithvi pooja in some places. It is celebrated on the Ist of Bhadon - middle
of August. This continues for full one month. The farmers do not yoke oxen
during this month. In Kullu, this festival is known as Badranjo. In Chamba,
it is called Pathroru. It is a festival of flowers here. This is an occasion
of great celebration, particularly for girls who dance on this day.
Jagra - It is a rite offered to
any village deitiy. This is commemorated each year on the fourth day of the
month of September. Mahasu Devta (deity) is worshipped in upper Shimla
hills, Kinnaur and Sirmaur regions of the state. Singing and dancing is the
common feature of the festival.
Phulech - Celebrated only in
Kinnaur region in the month of Bhadon or in the beginning of Asauj. People
from each household proceed towards hilltops to collect flowers, which are
offered to village deity and afterwards these flower garlands are
distributed among the people. Priest makes forecasts about crops and changes
in seasons etc. Priest's words are taken for granted by local people.
Sair - It is celebrated in the
month of September in new Himachal. This is a Bara-Din (Big day) of the
hillmen. Rich food is prepaired on the first day of the month and people
worship their local deity for prosperous future.
Jidjed :- It is a religious
festival, takes place in the month of October at 'Thang-gyud Monastery' In
the month of October, a similar festival called Guitor is held in the
Monasteries at Ki, Tabo, Dankar and Pin Spiti subdivision.
Dushehra - Celebrations of
Dushehra are same in all the places of India. It is celebrated on the month
of Spetember or October. On Dashmi - 10th day of celebration, people make a
bonfire of effigies of Ravna, Kumbhkarna and Meghnatha. It symbolises
victory of good over evil. Dushehra of Kullu is famous all over the world.
Diwali -Diwali is the most
famous festival of India. It is the festival related to returning of Lord
Rama to home after killing Ravna. It is celebrated in the month of October
or November. The festival is locally known as 'Diali. Preparation for the
festival starts much early. The houses are white washed. People buy new
clothes and new toys for their children. People exchange sweets and other
things with each other. Alomost all the bazar are overcrowded on this day
and there are celebrations in the air. At night people perform Lakhshami
Pooja and after that whole state comes to a new life when children and young
ones indulge in Fireworks.
Lohri - In some areas, it is
also known as Maghi or Saza. It is celebrated on the Ist of Magh - mid
January. People celebrate it more as a continuation of the season of
festivals. After finishing agricultural activities, they feast and celebrate
and avail themselves of the time to meet their relatives. This festival
continues for 8 days. On 8th day, people make get together and show social
solidarity. Dance and music goes on for the whole night.
Gochi - It is a festival
organised in Gumrang Kothi in Keylong and adjoining areas, falling sometime
in January or February. Date for the celebrations is decided by the Lamas on
the basis of their astrological calculations. This festival is celebrated
jointly by all the families, where male child were born in the preceding
Lossar - This festival is
celebrated in the entire tribal belt of Himachal Pradesh and in the Tibetan
colonies at Manali, Shimla, Dharamshala, Solan and Baijnath. The old
Buddhist shrine, celebrating Padamsambhava's marriage with a local Princess
at Rewalser in Mandi district also emerges as a pivotal attraction for these
religious celebrations. This festival means a beginning of a new year and is
held in the last week of February.One can witness a Chham dance, various
mask dances and dramas remniscent of the post Buddhist culture with
Shivratri - It is celebrated in
the month of February. The western part of India is influenced greatly by
the mythology of Lord Shiva. This festival is given the greatest importance
even in temples. Some people keep fast on this day. Images of Lord Shiva and
Parvati are made from cowdung or earth soil for worshipping. Songs in praise
of Shiva and Parvati are sung. This is the festival of great significance in
the life of hill people. Shivratri of Mandi ranks above all in Western
Himalayas. Mandi town is tastefully decorated and thousands of hill fork
arrived in their traditional dresses participate in the fair.
Halda - It is celebrated
especially by the people of Chandra and Bhaga Valleys in December or January
in Lahaul and Spiti district. It is like a Diwali festival for them. Though
it is a festival of light, no lamps or candles are lighted except that two
or three persons from every household carry burning sticks of pencil, thin
cedar in their hands to be piled together to make a bonfire and later to be
ceremoniously thrown towards the villages of Gushal and Kardang.
Nawala - Gaddis of Kangra,
Chamba, Mandi and Kullu celebrate this festival, when a household
individually collects enough money for celebration. Nawala, in fact, is a
thanks giving ceremony to Lord Shiva, who is worshipped at the time of
misfortune and clamiti. Devotional songs in praise of Lord Shiva are sung
throughout the night.
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