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Jammu and Kashmir - The most ravishingly beautiful hill station in India, Jammu and Kashmir, is the most sought after tourist destination in India. The flower beds and snow capped peaks that the 60s and 70s Bollywood heroes and heroines are seen singing and dancing around, mostly belong to Kashmir. Tourist attractions in Kashmir are spread all over the cities in Jammu and Kashmir and are a must see.


Main Cities / Towns

Srinagar , the capital city of Jammu and Kashmir

Srinagar is a beautiful and romantic city located in the gorgeous Kashmir valley. It r is the summer capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir and is the pride of the beautiful valley of Kashmir. Srinagar is famous for its lakes and the charming rows of houseboats floating on them. It is also known for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dry fruits. Srinagar is located in the western part of the northern state of India called Jammu and Kashmir. River Jhelum passes through Srinagar city. Srinagar is 876 km north of Delhi. 

The northern most state of the Indian mainland is rightly called "Paradise on Earth" . The sparkling rivers, placid lakes, gorgeous gardens and indescribable beauty of nature in the state of Jammu and Kashmir leave you completely speechless. Home to the unparalleled virgin landscapes of Kashmir, Leh and Ladakh, a travel and tourism experience to this joyous state is an unmatchable experience that will leave you feeling cleansed and pure.

Tourist attraction in Srinagar

Dal Lake - The Dal is famous not only for its beauty, but for its vibrance, because it sustains within its periphery, a life that is unique anywhere in the world. The houseboat and Shikara communities have lived for centuries on the Dal, and so complete is their infrastructure on the lake, that they never have to step on land! Doctors, tailors, bakers- one can see them all in tiny wooden shops on the lake, near picturesque vegetable gardens and acres of lotus gardens.

Nagin Lake - Nagin Lake, which is usually thought of as a separate lake, is also divided from Dal Lake only by a causeway. The causeways are mostly suitable for walkers and bicycles only so they make a very pleasant way of seeing the lake without having to worry about traffic or Shikaras. The main causeway across the lake carries the water pipeline for Srinagar's mains water supply.

Mughal Gardens - Kashmir was a favourite of the Mughal emperors who visited it as often as they could. Cool and refreshing after the plains of North India where the business of governance kept them, they planted gardens with stepped terraces and flowing watercourses. Cheshma Shahi is the first Mughal garden one will pass after Nehru Park. Built at a height above the city, its views are as stupendous as its layout.

Nishat Garden - The next garden along the road that encircles the Dal is the Nishat, built by empress Nur Jahan's brother Asaf Khan. The third Mughal garden - the Shalimar - was planted by Jehangir, the Mughal emperor, whose love for Kashmir was legendary.

Shankaracharya Hill - Within Srinagar, on its highest hill is the Shankaracharya temple, nearly one thousand feet above the city. It is devoted to Lord Shiva. The site dates back to 2,500 BC. The philosopher Shankaracharya stayed at this site when he visited Kashmir ten centuries ago to revive "Sanatan Dharma".

Hari Parbat Fort - The 18th century fort tops the Sharika Hill, which is clearly visible, rising to the west of Dal Lake. The fort was constructed by Atta Mohammed Khan from 1776 but the surrounding wall is much older, it was built between 1592 and 1598 during the rule of Akbar.


Charar E- Sarief -  Situated on the road to Yusmarg, this is the site of the shrine or Ziarat of Sheik Noor-ud-Din, the patron saint of Kashmir. The valley also has the Ziarats of a number of his followers.

Yusmarg - Standing in the Pir Panjal hills, out beyond the airport, at an altitude of 2,700 metres, the meadow of Yusmarg is reputed to have the best spring flowers in Kashmir. The beautiful valley is at the foot of the Sangisafaid valley on the northern slopes of the Pir Panjal range.

Dachigam National Park - This wildlife reserve was, at one time, the royal game reserve but animals within its boundaries are now completely protected. There are said to be Panther, Bear and Deer, besides other smaller animals, in the reserve. There is a good chance of seeing the endangered Hangul, Langur Monkeys and perhaps other species.

Gandarbal - Just beyond the Wular and Manasbal lakes turn off from the Leh road, this pleasant little town marks the point where the icy Sindh River leaves the mountains and enters the plains. Gandarbal is the official headquarters of the Sindh valley and was originally called "Doderhom".

Wular Lake - Wullar Lake is the largest fresh-water lake in India is 60-km from Srinagar. Spreading over a 125-km area, the lake, by drawing off excess water from the Jhelum, acts as a natural flood reservoir. Interesting ruins in the centre of the lake are the remains of an island created by King Zain-ul-Abidin.

Canoeing & Water Skiing - Kashmir has many lakes - Dal, Nagin, Mansbal and Wular. These are excellent spots for canoeing - whether it is a Shikara or a racing skull. No OIIC has tried canoe-ing in these lakes so far. These lakes are inter-connected as also the river Jhelum which flows through the entire length of the valley and connects with all the lakes. An interesting sport is what is locally called 'Water Trekking'. One can have a three to four day trip along the river to various lakes in a Shikara with all the camping gear. There are lovely spots to camp for the night. The lakes are also famous for water skiing.


Gulmarg is a hill station in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The town had witnessed militancy in the 1990s, but after a ceasefire between India and Pakistan in 2003, the town is now peaceful.

British discovered the hill resort of Gulmarg in 1927 during their colonial rule in India. Originally called ‘Gaurimarg’ by shepherds, its present name was given in the 16th century by Sultan Yusuf Shah, who was inspired by the sight of its grassy slopes emblazoned with wild flowers. Gulmarg was a favourite haunt of Emperor Jehangir who once collected 21 different varieties of flowers from here. Today Gulmarg is not merely a mountain resort of exceptional beauty- it also has the highest green golf course in the world, and is the country's premier ski resort in the winter.

Tourist attraction in Gulmarg

Khilanmarg - A 40-minute journey through valleys of wild flowers from Gulmarg to Khilanmarg offers a breathtaking view of the majestic peaks with their reflections in Wular and other lakes.

Baba-Reshi - It is a charming shrine a few kilometres from Gulmarg. Drung is a developing resort where the downhill road [3.5 km] from Tangmarg reaches the Ferozepore stream. On the hill across the river there are the ruins of an ancient temple and a meadow slightly higher up the hill.

Alpather Lake - Streaks of floating ice in this triangular lake, nestled in a hollow under the shadow of Apharwat mountain are a visual delight. A well-graded pony track joins Apharwat Ridge with Gulmarg.

Outer Circular Walk - The road encircles Gulmarg and provides scenic views of the massifs of Nanga Parbat, Harmukh, the rugged slopes of Ferozepur, Sunset Peak and Apharwat Ridge.

Ningle Nallah - This beautiful mountain stream flows from the melting snow and on Apharwat peak to Alpather Lake. It is about 10 kms from Gulmarg.The stream continues down into the valley below and joins the Jhelum River near Sopur. This long, grassy valley is a popular picnic spot and the walking path carries on, crossing the Ningli (also spelt as Ningle) Nallah by a bridge and continues on to the Khilenmarg, another grassy meadow and a good spot for camping.

Ferozpore Nallah - It is about 5 km from Gulmarg and is reputed for good trout fishing. From here one can continue to Tosamaidan, a 3 day, 50 km walk to one of Kashmir's most beautiful meadows. It can be reached from the Tangmarg road, or from the outer circular walk.


Jammu valley is one of the three major regions of Jammu and Kashmir. The capital of the state, also known as Jammu, is a famous pilgrimage destination for the devout, and one of the major tourist spots of Kashmir. Jammu city is also a rich cultural site, with temples and palaces dotting the cityscape. A visit to the chief tourist attractions of Jammu, like the Bawey Mata temple, and the magnificent Raghunath Mandir are a must on your Jammu tour itinerary.

Tourist attraction in Jammu


The city of Jammu comprises of two distinct parts which are the Old Town that overlooks the Tawi river and the New Town. Some of the famous tourist attractions in Jammu are the Raghunath Temple, Bahu Fort, Art Gallery and Amar Mahal Museum.


Raghunath Temple - The most outstanding landmark and famous tourist attraction in Jammu is the Raghunath Temple. Raghunath Temple is situated in the heart of the city and surrounded by a group of other temples. This temple is dedicated to Lord Rama, and one of the largest temple complexes in the North India. The work on its construction was started by Maharaja Gulab Singh, founder of the principality of Jammu and Kashmir, in 1835 AD and was completed by his son.


Peer Khoh - Peer Khoh is a cave shrine located on the Circular Road, 3.5 kms from the heart of the town. There is a naturally formed Shiva lingam in the cave which is quite mysterious as neither its antiquity nor its cause are known

Ranbireshwar Temple - Ranbireshwar Temple is located on Shalimar Road near the New Secretariat and built by Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1883 AD. The Ranbireshwar Temple is situated opposite the Dogra Art Gallery in Jammu. This historic temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple is a local landmark due to 75 m tower and an extraordinary central crystal lingam measuring seven-and-a-half feet in height. It also has twelve Shiva 'lingams' of crystal measuring from 15" to 38" and galleries with thousands of others are carved on stone slabs.

Ranbir Canal - A small garden along the Ranbir Canal, which runs through the city outskirts, provides a cool picnic spot during the summer. The canal branches off from the river Chenab at Akhnoor, 32 kms away. Its water remains icy-cold throughout the year and its banks serve as good viewpoints and walkways.

Bahu Fort and Gardens- Bahu Fort is situated near the Amar Mahal museum and about 5 kms away from the city centre. It is entered through a large quadrangle. This fort stands on on an upland plateau on the left bank of the river Tawi. The Bahu Fort is the oldest fort and edifice in the city, and constructed originally by Raja Bahulochan over 3,000 years ago. The Bahu fort was later improved and rebuilt as the Mondi Palace by the Dogra rulers. Looking at this fort one can imagine the wars fought

Mahamaya Temple and City Forest - On the bypass Road, behind Bahu Fort, the city forest surrounds the ancient Mahamaya temple overlooking the river Tawi. A small garden surrounded by acres of woods provides the best view of the city.

Mubarak Mandi Complex  - The oldest buildings in this palace complex date back to 1824. The architecture is a blend of Rajasthani, Mughal and even baroque elements. The most stunning segment is the Sheesh Mahal. "The Pink Hall" houses the Dogra Art Museum which has miniature paintings of the various Hill Schools.


Amar Mahal Palace Museum - The Amar Mahal Museum was built by the Amar Singh in 1907. This museum is more like a French chateau with its sloping roofs and turrets. The Amar Mahal Palace is built on an eyrie overlooking the Tawi river. The museum was designed by a French man. The exhibits in the Amar Mahal Palace museum includes Pahari paintings, royal miniature paintings, manuscripts, finest library of antique books. The museum also has a portrait gallery which contains the family portraits of ancient Dogra kings and rulers of Jammu and Kashmir. An entire series of miniatures on the epic Nal Damayanti can be seen in the museum. The museum also conducts a "heritage walk" programme for interested student to familiarize them with the history of Jammu.

Dogra Art Gallery - The Art Gallery in Jammu is located opposite the New Secretariat. The Gallery has a rich display of Dogra art belonging to the Pahari and Basholi schools, fine miniatures of the Jammu and Basohli School of painting, Terracottas, medieval weapons, sculptures and ancient manuscripts.





Katra Town, lying in the foot of Trikuta Mountains, 48 kms. from Jammu, serves as the base camp for visiting the famous shrine of Shri Mata Vaishno Devi, which is approachable on foot along a 13 kms long well laid footpath. Every year, more than 4.5 million pilgrims pass through Katra on their way to the holy shrine.

The cave shrine of Mata Vasihnodeviji or Trikuta Bhagwati (alt: 5,200 ft.) has been a beacon of faith and fulfilment to millions of devotees from all over the world. The pilgrimage to the Shrine holds great significance for the pilgrims.


Tourist attraction in  Katra,


Aghar Jitto - Just 5 km away from Katra is Aghar Jitto, the Shrine of Baba Jitto, a devotee of Mata Vaishno Devi and a revolutionary who led a campaign against the feudal order. According to legends, a dip in the holy spring water, flowing in front of the shrine, does miracles to pre-natal women for safe delivery of children. A path from here leads to Shri Mata Vaishno Devi.

Dera Baba Banda -
At about 30 kms from Katra lies this major Hindu-Sikh pilgrimage centre. Baba Banda Bairaagi was Guru Gobind Singh's favourite 'Saint-soldier', who had the gurudwara constructed on the banks of river Chenab, where he spent his last days.

Baba Dhansar - Located 10 kms from Katra (1 km on foot) is Baba Dhansar, a beautiful and cool picnic spot. Here, a huge spring gushes out of the mountainside in a thick grove of trees and forms a number of small waterfalls before flowing into the holy Banganga. Next to the spring in a small grove in the rock face is a naturally formed ‘Shivling’ on which droplets of water fall naturally all the year round. A major ‘mela’ (fair) is held here during Shivratri.

Shiv Khori - This holy cave is nearly a kilometre long and houses a 4 ft high, naturally formed ‘Shivling’. It is considered second only to the shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi in religious importance. There are stalactites & stalagmites dripping milky limestone water from the ceiling. Situated at a distance of about 100 kms from Jammu and about 75 kms from Katra, Shiv Khori hosts a major fair on Shivratri day every year.


Pahalgam, in Kashmir's Anantnag district, is about 96 km from the state capital of Srinagar. It is a quaint little village sitting on the banks of river Lidde. Untouched by urban development, Pahalgam is an angler's paradise, promising to please even an amateur with a rainbow trout. The thick pine and cedar forests around this hill town provide a natural habitat for the large brown bear. Pahalgam has a golf course at 2400 metres above sea level. For adventure-seekers, camping equipment, ponies and skiing equipment are easily available. Kolahoi is a popular destination for trekkers via Aru, a fascinating meadow. Pahalgam is also the base camp for pilgrims proceeding to the shrine of Lord Shiva at Amarnath.

Situated at the confluence of the streams flowing from Sheshnag Lake and the Lidder river, Pahalgam (2,130 m) was once a humble shepherd's village with breathtaking views. Now it is Kashmir's premier resort, cool even during the height of summer when the maximum temperature does not exceed 250C. A number of hotels and lodges cater to all preferences and budgets, from luxurious hotels to unpretentious trekkers' lodges.


Tourist attraction in Pahalgam

Chandanwari (16km: 2,923m) - It is famous for its snow bridge.

Baisaran (5 km: 2,438m) - Pine forests dot this meadow which presents a picturesque view of the snow-clad mountains. The snow covered Tulian lake at an altitude of 3353 m is 11kms from Baisaran.

Sheshnag Lake (27 km: 3,658m) - The waters of this greenish blue lake are covered with ice till June.

Panchtarni (40 km) - It is the confluence of five streams and gives Panchtarni its name. A good camping site.

Amarnath Cave - Pahalgam is the base for the religious trek to the abode of Lord Shiva. A narrow spiralling path from Panchtarni leads to the Amarnath Cave. The massive ice shivlingam is visited by thousands of pilgrims between July and September.

Aru (11 km: 2,408m) - This charming meadow can be reached by walking along a mountain path. The river Lidder disappears at Gur Khumb and reappears after 27 mts.

Lidderwat (22km: 3,408m) - A beautiful camping site set among dense forests. Starting point of the trek to the Sindh Valley.

Kolohi (1,467 m) - Base for a three-day return trek to the Kolohi Glacier.

Tarsar Lake (34 km: 3,962m) - It can be reached from Lidderwat. There are delightful camping sites and flower meadows at Sikiwas, 24 kms from here. To reach the nearby Mansar lake one has to cross a 243 mts high bridge.


Leh is a beautiful barren desert situated at 3,505 meters above sea level in lap of the Great Himalayas. Leh is the main tourist gateway, its the largest town in the Ladakh region. It is ideal destination for nature lovers and adventure freaks. The main highlights includes the breathtaking landscaping, the enchanting rives, snowcapped mountains complimenting the blue sky, time stopping silence of the desert, temperature below zero and Ladakh festival, in short nature's untouched beauty and incredibly attractive. Leh has so many monuments, monasteries, great options for trekking and mountaineering, river rafting, horse riding and polo.

Tourist attraction in Leh


Leh Palace - The beautiful nine story 17th century palace was the residence of the royal family. The royal palace resembles a mini-Potala Palace. The palace house Buddhist paintings on walls and artifacts. On the top of the Namgyal hill, the palace has the Victory Tower, built to commemorate Ladakh's victory over the Balti Kashmir armies in the early 16th century. The palace was built for King Singge Namgyal, It serves as Indian Government's archaeological conservation organization office in Leh.


Leh Monastery and Gompa - The central area of Ladakh has the greatest concentration of major Buddhist monasteries or gompas. Of the twelve situated on or near the Indus, the oldest monastery is that of Lamayuru, which is believed to have been a sacred site for the pre-Buddhist religion known as Bon. The monasteries of Phiyang, Hemis and Chemrey were all founded under the direct patronage of members of the ruling Namgyal dynasty. Phyang represents an act of penance by the 16th century King Tashi Namgyal for the violence and treachery by which he reached the throne.


Spituk Monastery - The gompa stands prominently on the top of a hillock, 8 Kms. from Leh, and commands a panoramic view of the Indus Valley for miles. Many icons of Buddha and five thankas are found in 15th century monastery. There is also a collection of ancient masks, antique arms, and an awe inspiring image of Mahakal.


Shanti Stupa - Shanti Stupa (means 'World Peace' in Japanese) was built by a Japanese who harbored the ambition of spreading Buddhism across the world, in 1985 with aid from the Japanese Government. It is located at Changspa, on the hilltop, and was inaugurated by Dalai Lama in 1985. Its state of the art work attracts a lot of tourists to Ladakh and is spectacular to watch. The stupa is connected by a ‘motorable’ road and a steep flight of stairs. Once on top, you can stop for a snack in the tea shop, then relax and enjoy the panoramic view of the chain of mountains and the peaceful little village of Changspa with typical Ladakhi houses built along a gushing stream, and the towering Namgyal Tsemo in the distance.


Namgyal Tsemo Gompa - The Namgyal Tsemo Gompa was built in 1430 by King Tashi Namgyal on Namgyal Tsemo peak overlooking the town. The monastery contains a three-story high solid gold idol of Maitrieya Buddha (future Buddha also called laughing buddha) and a one-storied statue of Avaloketesvara and Manjushri along with ancient manuscripts and frescoes. The fort above this gompa is ruined, but the views of Leh from here are breathtakingly beautiful. The associated temples here remain intact, but they are kept locked except during the morning and evening hours when a monk toils up the hills from Sankar Gompa to attend to the butter - lamps in front of the images..


Sankar Gonpa - The Sankar Gonpa is a couple of kilometers away from Leh town. It belongs to the Gelukspa school of Tibetan Buddhism. This small Gonpa is a branch of the Spituk Monastery, founded by the first incarnation of Skyabje Bakula (head monk of Spituk.


Shey Gompa - 15 Kms upstream from Le, . the palace is believed to have been the seat of power of the pre-Tibetan kings. A 7.5 metre high copper statue of Buddha, plated with gold, and the largest of its kind, is installed in the palace.


Soma Gonpa (Jokhang), Leh - The Ladakh Buddhist Association in 1957 built the small Gonpa opposite to SBI, in the main bazaar, which is open throughout the day for visitors. The Gonpa contains a statue of Joyo Rinpochey (crowned Buddha).


Leh Mosque - The striking green and white Leh Mosque, an exquisite work of Turko-Iranian architecture, stand in the Main Bazaar of Leh. This historical mosque was built in 1666-67 A.D. consequent to an agreement between the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and then ruler of Ladakh, Deldan Namgyal. The mosque is open only to men. This is also a good place to find out about the possibility of doing voluntary work with various organizations. If interested, inquire at the reception centre or simply check the information board.


Pangong Lake - This lake is situated at a elevation of 14,000ft. In the Eastern sector of Ladakh, at a distance of 154km. from Leh across Changla pass (17,000ft.). This lake is one of the largest and most beautiful natural brakish lakes in the Country.


The Nubra Valley - Known as a flowering den Nubra valley gets clad in endless bushes of yellow and pink wild roses. Once the valley is through with the season of roses around August, a carpet of wild lavender lies gently on it. Nubra is also a relatively warmer valley in Ladakh making it perfect for crops and fruits to grow. Diskit Village located near Khalsar, dotted with apricot plantations is one of the larger village of the Nubra valley. The road between Diskit and the quaint little Hunder Village winds through a gorgeous stretch of sand dunes. A quiet and pleasant evening can be spent amidst nature with snowcapped peaks in the background

Situated at an altitude of 2024 m above sea level, Patnitaop is located 112 km away from Jammu on Jammu-Srinagar highway. The beauty and tranquility of this humble plateau is simply unmatched. There is no place better than Patnitop if you want some time just with yourself, away from the city chaos. The landscape of Patnitop, covering the vast grasslands of shinning green color in summers, takes totally different attire in winters. The town receives a large amount of snowfall that completely covers the lands. This gives a great opportunity for winter sports like skiing.

Patnitop is full of picturesque walks that give great views of the mountains in the Chenab Basin and options for excursions to nearby areas like Sanasar and Sundarani. And with aero sports taking a big leap of development in the town, Patnitop surely has become a heaven for adventure lover. Any time of the year is a good time to visit Patnitop. It all depends on your wishes, whether you like to indulge in aero sports or in winter sports or you just want to get lost in the enchanting silence of the town. Do carry light woolen clothes with you as night get a bit chilly around here.

Tourist attractions  in Panitop

Patnitop as a whole is a replete with splendorous beauty throughout the year during the festive times the devotees throng the Naag Temple one of the most ancient shrine of the region, a grand fair is also organised during the festival. Besides that this sceneric town is a hub of winter sports activities, that beckon tourist from around the world.

The Naag Temple - The Naag Temple is one of the major attractions of Patnitop. This temple is more than 600 yrs old. This temple is situated on the hill can not resist devotees to go through it because of great devotion. The number of tourists came here across the India and outside of India is simply overcome with amazement. In the tourists point of view this temple is a good option to excursion.

Bahu Fort and Temple - The Bahu Fort is one of the oldest forts by age and construction in the Jammu city. This temple is situated on left bank of the river Tawi. Initially, about 3,000 yrs ago, structured by Raja Bahulochan and today existing fort is built and improved by Dogra Rulers. Its uniqueness keeps this temple inside the major attractions of Patnitop.

Raghunath Temple - The outstanding and unique temple in northern India of Lord Rama, situated at the center of the city. The Raghunath Temple is surrounded by many temples. This temple is mostly visited by tourists because its location and comes under the major attractions of Patnitop.

Buddha Amarnath Temple - This temple contains a major role in Hindu rituals because here you may find the Shivlinga of white stone which is not man made. This unique Shiva Temple is situated on the foothill and becomes the must visited place and attractions of Patnitop.

Sudh Mahadev - A great centre for Hindu pilgrims and situated at charming natural site which is holy bank of the Dewak River. Sudh Mahadev contains relatively further importance because of its archaeological importance, and being one of the major attractions of Patnitop.

Fairs & Festivals in Jammu Kashmir

Lohri ( January 13, every year) - This festival is also known as Makar Sankranti. It heralds the onset of spring. The whole of Jammu region wears a festive look on this day. Thousands take a dip in the holy rivers. 'Havan Yagnas' light up nearly every house and temple in Jammu. In the rural areas, custom requires boys to go around asking for gifts from newly-weds and new parents. A special dance called the 'Chajja' dance is held on the occasion of Lohri. It makes a striking picture to see boys along with their 'Chajjas' elaborately decorated with coloured paper and flowers move on the street in a dancing procession. The whole atmosphere comes alive with the pulsating drum beats.

Baisakhi (April ) - The name Baisakhi is taken from the first month of the Vikram calendar. Every year, on the first day of Vaishakh, the people of Jammu - like the rest of northern India - celebrate Baisakhi. Baisakhi is also known as the harvest festival and is considered auspicious especially for marriages. Rivers, canals and ponds are thronged by devotees who unfailingly take a ritual dip every year. Many people go to the Nagbani Temple to witness a grand new year celebration. Numerous fairs are organized and people come in thousands to celebrate the beginning of the new year and watch the famous Bhangra dance of Punjab. For the Sikhs of Jammu, Baisakhi is the day their tenth Guru Gobind Singhji formed the Khalsa sect in 1699. The Gurudwaras are full of people who come to listen to Kirtans, offer prayers and feast on the prasad from the common kitchen (Langar).

Bahu Mela (March-April and September-October)
A major festival is held at the Kali Temple in Bahu Fort (Jammu), twice a year.

Chaitre Chaudash (March-April) - Chaitre chaudash is celebrated at Uttar Behni about 25 kms. from Jammu. Uttar Behni gets its name from the fact that the Devak river (also known as Gupta Ganga locally) flows here in the northerly direction.

Purmandal Mela (February-March) - Purmandal is 39 kms. from Jammu city. On Shivratri, the town is trans- formed for three days as people celebrate the marriage of Lord Shiva to Goddess Parvati here. The people of Jammu also come out in their colourful best to celebrate Shivratri at Peer Khoh, the Ranbireshwar. Temple and the Panjbhaktar Temple. In fact, if you visit the Jarnmu region during Shivratri, you'll find a celebration on almost everywhere.

Jhiri Mela (October-November) - Baba Jitu was a simple, God loving and honest farmer who preferred to kill himself rather than submit to the unjust demands of the local landlord to part with his crop. He killed himself in the village of Jhiri, 14 kms. From Jammu. A legend has grown around the Baba and his followers congregate at Jhiri on the appointed day from every corner of North India; they revere him for his compassion, courage and honesty and hold an annual fair in his name. Mansar

Food and Craft Mela - This Mela is organized by J&K Tourism during Baisakhi every year Held at the picturesque Mansar Lake 62 kms. from Jammu, it is a three day celebration of the local crafts and cuisine, where people from adjoining states also take part.

Dance and Music of Jammu & Kashmir

Rouf - This dance is almost steeped in antiquity. Rouf is always performed in the accompaniment of pleasant pathetic song. It is performed on all festive occasions and particularly on the evenings of Ramzan and IDD days. Group of women face each other and perform simple footwork which has a sensuous charm about it.

Hafiz Nagma  - Hafiz Nagma is based on the classical music of Kashmir- the Sofiyiana Kalam. The Sufiyana Kalam has its own ragas known as Muquam. The prominent instrument used in Hafiz Nagma is called Santoor-a hundred stringed instrument played with sticks. The danseuse in this tradition is known as 'Hafiza'.

Song of Habba Khatoon - Habba Khatoon was the renowned princess of Kashmir. Her feelings during her separation form the Yousuf King is depicted in this song. The song is based on the folk renderings of kashmiri Music.

Jagarna - This marriage song cum-dance form has the elements of theatre. Whjile the menfolk of the bridegroom's house have gone with the Barat woment folk are left alone in the house. The bridegroom's mother, aunts, mgradmother and other relations indulge in gossips revelations of their marital life and the behaviour of their husbands. But sometimes, in right earnest, they reveal some intimate incidents and spend the night in the atmosphere which is un-interrupted by menfolk in ints flow of unending gossip and the movement of frolicking feet.

Surma - This song in Dogri, set to dance reveals the anguish of a newly married girl whose husband is away in the Army. The ever increasing yearning of re-union is depicted through this song-dance.

Bakhan - This folk song is a widely prevalent form of mass entertainment in our region. The haunting Melody of Pahari songs add to the beauty and joy of daily life.There are certain songs which are independent of instruments. "Bakhan" is such a best example. "Bakhan" are in verse. The metre is irregular and is determined by modulation in tone. The movemtn of hand indicates the variations in the note. This is the only form of lyric in Dgri which resembles the Western harmony of sounds without loosing its individual note and rhythem.

Geetru - A dance-song of Dogra Pahari region of Jammu being performed at the occasion of feasts, festivals and marriages by the rural folk parties of this region. Male and female both participate in this dance-song in their traditional costumes. This type of dance-song is performed at any time of the day as well as night.

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