Uttar Pradesh has a very old and fascinating history. The recorded history
of Uttar Pradesh dates back to the early Vedic period. From the third
century BC, the region of Uttar Pradesh was a province of the large Mauryan
dynasty. Chandragupta Maurya and the emperor Ashoka were two of the most
famous Mauryan kings to have ruled the illustrious dynasty. Chandragupta
embraced Jainism while Ashoka embraced and spread Buddhism.
After the decline and downfall of the Moghuls, several kingdoms mushroomed
in Uttar Pradesh. During the eighteenth century, different regions of Uttar
Pradesh were under different rulers. The state of Oudh was ruled by the
Nawabs who established the city of Lucknow; which went on to become a seat
of Urdu literature and classical music and dance, whereas Afghans
established their rule in Rohilkhand. In Bundelkhand, Marathas established
their political hegemony. However, with the political ascent of the
Britishers, the sovereignty of these states was compromised. Britishers went
on to establish their paramount power in the region and consequently, across
The region was also a major centre in the Indian independence movement and
was witness to a series of political turmoils of those years. Allahabad was
home to prominent leaders in freedom struggle like Motilal Nehru and
Jawaharlal Nehru, Purushottam Das Tandon and Madan Mohan Malaviya. Gobind
Vallabh Pant was another important leader of Uttar Pradesh who played his
role in the freedom struggle. He was sworn in as the first Chief Minister of
Uttar Pradesh and it was he who renamed the United Provinces (named by the
Britishers in 1902) as Uttar Pradesh in 1950. In 2000, a new state of
Uttaranchal, comprising the Garhwal and the Kumaon region, was carved out
from Uttar Pradesh.
Main Cities /
Lucknow, the capital city of
Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh, a state in Northern India, which
also happens to be the largest and the most populated state in the country.
The city has been known as one of the major cultural centers of North India,
for more than two centuries. Literature, music and dance have flourished
here, under the patronage of the rulers of the region in the 18th and 19th
centuries. Like all the major cities of that period, a lot of buildings have
been built in Lucknow over the past three centuries, some of which still
stand proudly as the tourist attractions in Lucknow. Tourism in Lucknow is a
wonderful experience, the city being full of excellent buildings, gardens
and vibrant bazaars. This city is undoubtedly one of the major contributors
towards the growth of Uttar Pradesh tourism.
Tourist attraction in
Bara Imambara –
built by Asaf-ud-Daula in the year 1784, this magnificent structure is one
of the major tourist attractions of Lucknow. It is said that the project was
started in order to provide employment to thousands of hapless workers
during a great famine. The Imambara is a Shiite religious building, and
serves as the venue of religious gatherings during Muharram and other
significant occasions of the Shia religion. The biggest attraction of this
building complex is the Bhulbhulaiya, a maze with confusing passages.
Tourists are deliberately left by the guides to find their way out of this
maze. The place is said to have been used for the recreation of the royalty.
A splendid mosque is located in the complex.
the smaller Imambara, as the name literally translates to, was built in
1837, and is said to be the brainchild of Mohammed Ali Shah. The complex
contains many tombs, said to be those of Mohammad Ali Shah and his family
members. The main building of this Imambara is topped by a golden dome,
which when illuminated during festivities, offers a fantastic view. This
complex is also known by the name of Husainabad Imambara.
the Residency is a group of British buildings that used to serve as the
headquarters of the British Resident in the state of Oudh, or Awadh as the
region around Lucknow was known back in early 19th century. The complex was
attacked by the mutineers during the 1857 revolt, and taken over by the
Indian soldiers. The Residency is situated at the centre of the city, in the
Rumi Darwaza –
this beautiful structure is also said to be part of
the famine relief plans for which the bara imambara was commissioned. Built
in 1783, this gigantic gate soars top 60 feet, and is one of the famous
landmarks of the city. The gateway is located to the Northwest of the Bara
Sikandar Bagh –
garden was laid in 1800 by Nawab Saadat Ali Khan and was later used by the
last Nawab of Oudh, Wajid Ali Shah. The name is derived from his favorite
queen, Sikandara Mahal Begum. The garden, with a small pavilion in the
middle, served as the venue for cultural events and dance performances.
During the 1857 revolt, the mutineers took refuge here, and about 2000 of
them were reportedly slaughtered by the British.
Allahabad a highly religious place for Hindus and
Muslims was established by King Akbar by the name of Illahabas, meaning
house of Allah. The British modified the name as per there convenience and
started calling it Allahabad. Akbar realised the commercial importance of
this place and built several Ghats on the river banks. Later the city
developed as a major trade centre in Uttar Pradesh.
Some other tourist spots make up the overall tourism in Lucknow and should
be visited as part of the Lucknow tours. The other places to visit in the
city include Chattar manzil,Qaiser bagh palace, La Martiniere College, State
Museum and Aurangzeb’s mosque.
Allahabad was once called Oxford of east, due to the high standards of
education in Allahabad University. Allahabad has produced many great
scholars, poets, thinkers, statesman and leaders. It was a strategic
location for the activities of Indian freedom struggle. Religiously highly
sacred, Allahabad is host of the Maha Kumbh Mela on the Confluence site
(Triveni Sangam). Many temples, churches and mosques are built across the
city. Today Allahabad rests peacefully with a great past, calm present and a
Tourist attraction in
Sangam - The
sacred Sangam is the confluence of three of the holiest rivers in Hindu
mythology - Ganga , Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati. It is believed that
it is at the Sangam that a few drops of the nectar 'Amrit" spilled making
its waters truly magical. It is around 7 Kms. from civil lines overlooked by
the eastern ramparts of the Allahabad fort, wide flood plains and muddy
banks protrude towards the sacred Sangam.
Allahabad Fort -
Allahabad Fort was built by emperor Akbar in 1583 AD. The fort stands on the
banks of the river Yamuna near the confluence site. Its distance from Civil
Lines is about 8 kms. In its prime, the fort was unrivalled for its design,
construction and craftsmanship. At present the fort is used by the Army and
only a limited area is open to visitors.
Anand Bhawan -
Anand Bhawan is the ancestral home of the Nehrus. Here one is offered a
glimpse of the lifestyle of the family that retained for a long time the
status of the most important political dynasty in India. Anand Bhawan now
houses one of the finest museums of India and a memorabilia of the
Allahabad Museum -
It is located near Chandra Shekhar Azad Park, the key attractions of the
Allahabad Museum are the paintings of Nicholas Roerich, Rajasthani
miniatures, terracotta figurines, coins and stone sculptures from the second
century BC to modern times. The museum has eighteen galleries and is open
from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily except Monday.
Khusro Bagh -
It is one of the Mughal Gardens which was made by Jahangir in the memory of
his beloved son Prince Khusro. The tomb of the prince was made in the centre
of it. It is situated on G.T. Road near Allahabad Junction. Guava and
mangoes of this garden are very famous.
Temple - The Hanuman Temple is a unique temple
in the vicinity of the Allahabad Fort. It is renowned for the supine image
of the monkey-god Hanuman. This is the only temple to have Hanuman in a
reclining posture. Though a very small temple, it is thronged by hundreds of
- It is situated near Anand Bhawan. Founded in 1887, it is one of the most
famous Universities of India . It has a sprawling campus, graced by fine
buildings in Victorian and Islamic architectural styles.
Jawahar Planetarium -
It is situated beside Anand Bhawan. It Can be visited for a celestial trip
of the scientific kind. It's worth every moment. Five shows are run from
11.00 AM, 12.00 Noon 2.00 PM, 3.00 PM & 4.00 PM . Closed on Mondays & Govt.
All Saints Cathedral
- It is dedicated to the memory of people of all ages and places who have
kept their faith in the Almighty. This magnificent cathedral designed by Sir
William Emerson in 1870 and consecrated in 1887 is one of the finest
cathedrals in Asia and is faced in white stone with red stone dressing. No
one visiting the cathedral can fail to be impressed by the beauty of the
marble altar with intricate inlay and mosaic work.
Agra is the one of the
prominent destinations of the World Tourism map with three heritage
monuments-The Taj Mahal, Red Fort & Fatehpur Sikri. It is an ancient city
located on the Yamuna River in India, within the state of Uttar Pradesh. It
achieved prominence as the capital of the Mughal sovereigns from 1526 to
1658 and remains a major tourist destination, because of its many splendid
Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Taj Mahal. Agra is famous for
handicrafts products such as Inlay work on Marvel, Leather work, Footwear,
Brasswear, Carpets, Jewelry, Zari and Embroidery work. It is also well known
for Petha, Dalmoth and Gajak.
A pleasant town with a comparatively slow pace, Agra is known for its superb
inlay work on marble and soapstone by craftsmen who are descendants of those
who worked under the Mughals. The city is also famous for its carpets, gold
thread embroidery and leather shoes.
On your Palace on Wheels tour with About Palace on Wheels,
you will visit various tourist attractions in and around Agra. Some of them
are mentioned below for your reference.
Tourist attraction in Agra
Taj Mahal- The symbol of eternal love, the Taj Mahal was built by the
Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan in memory of his beloved queen Mumtaz Mahal, who
died at a young age of 38 while giving birth to their 14th child. Situated
on the bank of Yamuna River, the Taj Mahal represents a fine blend of
Mughal, Persian, Central Asian, and Islamic architecture. The most
impressive and remarkable features of the Taj Mahal are its four tall
minarets (162.5 feet high) at four corners of the structure, the black and
white chessboard marble floor and the majestic dome (213 feet high and 58
feet in diameter) in the middle. The Taj Mahal is one of the most visited
and most photographed monuments in the world.
Agra Fort - The Mughal Emperor Akbar laid the foundation of the Agra
Fort in 1565 AD. It took eight years to complete this massive fort at a cost
of 3.5 million rupees at that time. After Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jahan
also added some new features to the fort. The fort is known for its
magnificent architectural styles reflected in its various features. Some of
the main attractions in the fort include the Diwan-e-Aam, the Diwan-e-Khas,
the Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque), the Nagina Masjid and the Palace of Mirrors.
Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daulah - Built by Noor Jahan - the wife of the
Mughal Emperor Jehangir -- in memory of his father, the white marble tomb
represents a fine example of Indo-Persian architecture. Enjoying the
privilege of being the first marble tomb of the Mughal period, the tomb of
Itmad-ud-Daulah must be visited to see its beautiful inlay designs and
carvings, which are considered even superior to the Taj Mahal. The tomb is
popularly known as the 'Baby Taj'.
Jama Masjid or Jami Masjid - Built by Jahan Ara Begum -- the favorite
daughter of Shah Jahan who was also imprisoned with him -- in 1648, the
mosque has a unique shaped dome with no minarets.
Akbar's Mausoleum - The mausoleum of Akbar is located at Sikandra at
about 10 Km from Agra. Akbar himself designed and started its construction.
The beautiful tomb enjoys a perfect blending of Hindu, Christian, Islamic,
Buddhist and Jain motifs.
Fatehpur Sikri - Located at a distance of about 37 Km from Agra, the
Red Sandstone town of Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar as his capital
during 1571 and 1585. The city represents a fine blend of Indo- Mughal
architecture. The main attractions at Fatehpur Sikri are the Buland Darwaza
(54m high) - the largest gateway in the world and the tomb of famous Sufi
saint Shaikh Salim Chisti.
The main tourist attraction of Ayodhya was the Babri Masjid (Mosque), built
by the Mughal king Babur. Unfortunately, the traveler can no longer see this
monument as it was demolished in the riots that took place here in 1992. It
is said that Ayodhya has 7000 temples, but there are some 100 temples of
relative significance. Near the remains of the Babri Masjid, the traveler
can see the Ram Janmabhumi (birthplace of Lord Ram) shrine. It is believed
that Lord Ram spent much of his childhood here. Other places to visit in
Ayodhya are Lakshman Ghat, Kala Ram temple and the Kanak Bhavan temple,
which was built in the 19th century. There are several Jain shrines in
Ayodhya. One kilometer east of the Ram Janmabhumi shrine is Hanumangadhi
(Fortress of Hanuman, the revered monkey god and friend/devotee of Lord
Ram). It is said that Lord Hanuman lived in a cave nearby to protect the Ram
Tourist attraction in
Ayodhya Lord Rama’s Janam Bhumi ( Birth Place)
Though a thinly-populated town now, Ayodhya ranked amongst the six most
important Indian cities in the 6th century b.c. Sacred to the Hindus because
it was Rama’s birthplace, it continues to hog the limelightfor the same
reason. It caught global attention in 1992, when the Babri Masjid (it was,
as claimed by some people, built on the same spot where Rama was born) was
demolished. The demolition was followed by large-scale communal violence in
most parts of the country. The place is now a high-security zone.
Amongst the places of interest in the town are some Hindu temples and
bathing ghats (steps leading down to the river). Lakshman Ghat, and Swarga
Dwara (Rama Ghat) are important ghats. Besides these, there are some kunds
(wells) which serve as bathing spots
Ramjanambhumi - Ramjanambhumi is the place where Rama is believed to
have been born. The Mughal Emperor Babur had built a mosque on this spot.
The mosque was razed to ground in 1992.
Temples - Over 100 temples exist in Ayodhya of which Hanuman Gadhi is
very famous. It is dedicated to Hanuman, the monkey-god. Treta Ka Mandir is
another important temple where Rama is believed to have performed a yajna
(sacrifice). Kshireswara Nath Temple is a very old temple and is supposed to
have been built by Kaushalya, mother of Rama. She is said to have
constructed this temple for her daughter-in-law, Sita (consort of Rama).
Other temples you could visit include Kanak Bhavan and Kala Rama Temple
which house idols of Rama and Sita.
Ghats - Ayodhya is situated on the banks of the Gogra (Ghaghara or
Saryu) River. There are many holy ghats along its banks. Bathing in these
ghats, it is believed, absolves people of their sins. Ram Ghat, which is
also known as Swarga Dwara, is the most famous one amongst these. Lakshman
Ghat is another important bathing ghat which is considered to be sacred, as
Lakshman, Rama’s brother, is said to have bathed at this ghat.
- Hanuman Garhi temple is easily approachable from the rest of Ayodhya as it
is situated right in the center of the town. The temple is a must visit
during your trip to Ayodhya. The temple is an important site both in terms
of religion as well as architecture and is thus hot among the tourists
visiting Ayodhya. Hanuman Garhi is a massive structure in the shape of a
four-sided fort with circular bastions at each corner.
Jain Shrines - Ayodhya is
not only the birthplace of Lord Rama but is also held on high esteem because
of its association with Jainism as a religion. Several followers of the
Jainism faith from all over India frequent Ayodhya every year. This is
because of the fact that there are several Jain temples in Ayodhya. It is
believed by the followers of Jainism that Ayodhya is the birthplace of as
many as 5 of his Tirthankaras. These Jain temples mark the place where these
Tirthankaras were born. It is said that Kesari Singh, the treasurer of Nawab
of Faizabad, built 5 separate shrines to mark the birthplace of these
Tirthankaras. The temples bear the date of Vikram samvat 1781.
Kanak Bhawan - Kanak Bhawan is
another important temple in the city of Ayodhya. Situated near Hanuman
Garhi, Kanak Bhawan is frequented by scores of tourists every year. The
Temple is famous for the images of Sri Rama and Sita wearing gold crowns.
Because of this very reason, it is also popularly referred to as
Sone-ka-Ghar at times.
- The temple of Nageshwarnath is said to have been established by Kush the
son of Rama. Legend has it that Kush lost his armlet, while bathing in the
Saryu, which was picked up by a Nag-Kanya, who fell in love with him. As she
was a devotee of Shiva, Kush erected this temple for her. It is said that
this has been the only temple to have survived till the time of
Vikramaditya, the rest of city had fallen into ruins and was covered by
dense forests. It was by means of this temple that Vikramaditya was able to
locate Ayodhya and the sites of different shrines here. The festival of
Shivratri is celebrated here with great pomp and splendor.
Other places of interest
Rishabhadeo Jain Temple, Brahma Kund, Amawan Temple, Tulsi Chaura, Laxman
Quila, Angad Tila, Shri Rama Janaki Birla Temple, Tulsi Smarak Bhawan, Ram
ki Paidi, Kaleramji ka Mandir, Datuvan Kund, Janki Mahal, Gurudwara Brahma
Kund Ji, Ram Katha Museum, Valmiki Ramayan Bhawan, are among other places of
interest in Ayodhya.
The Bareilly city, located on the banks of the Ramganga River, is situated
within the administrative district of Bareilly. The cosmopolitan township of
Bareilly dates back to approximately 500 years ago and was known as
Bans-Bareilly, known after the two sons of the ruler Bansal Dev and Baral
Dev.Originally, Bareilly was famous for its artistic artwork with bamboo,
and the exquisite folk art of embroidery known as Zari-Zardozi. Zari-Zardozi
is a traditional type of artwork that utilizes various kinds of gold
threading, beads, spangles, seed pearls, gota and wiring for decorating fine
furnishings and garments.Bareilly is in close proximity for visiting
Lucknow hence short
trips can be arranged. With seven different rivers flowing through the city,
numerous water- related activities can be enjoyed such as swimming, rafting
and boating. Bareilly is known for its prominent medical collages,
especially the dental and an Ayurvedic college
Bareilly is the 4th city of Uttar Pradesh which has CNG fuel stations, after
Lucknow, Kanpur and Agra. Bareilly is the 7th largest metropolitan city of
Uttar Pradesh and 50th largest metropolitan city of India. This fast-growing
city is also known as Bans-Bareilly, due to its big bamboo market. Bareilly
is also known as the counter-magnet city because it is equidistant from New
Delhi and Lucknow and has a lot of potential for setting up industries to
attract people to settle. Historically it was the part of the ancient
kingdom of Panchal. In the Medieval period it was under the Rohillas. The
modern city's foundation was laid by Mukrand Rai in 1657.
Tourist attraction in
Bareilly is an old city and has a lot of tourist places to explore and some
of them we are mentioning here:
Akshar Vihar, Executive Park, Gandhi Udyan
Bareilly city is a spiritual city therefore lots of holy temples are here
and some of them are Alakhnath Temple, Tibri Nath Temple, Marimanth Temple,
Dhopeshwarnath Temple, Gulharhiya Gaurishankar Temple.
This city has a pride history of Muslim sages. Therefore some holy majares
are here and these are Majare Aala Hazrat, Khanqahai Aaliya Niyazia, Bara
Burji Masjid (Tehsil, Aanwala).
Church - The
only church of the Bareilly city is Freewell Baptist Church.
Bareilly is world wide famous for his Bamboo furniture work and Zari Zarkari
work. You can get these items of bamboo in almost every corner of the
Bazaar. Bareilly is also famous for its camphor industry (the city is
largest producer and exporter of camphor in India). Surma is another product
for which Bareilly is famous, so please don’t forget to buy such world
famous products from the Bareilly Bazaar.
Rivers - The
city is nurtured by the river
Ramganga that flows from the West to
the South-East. This river provides water for irrigation in the crop fields
as well. On a visit to Bareilly, one can enjoy a relaxing boat ride on the
Ramganga. The other rivers are the Siddha, the Dojora, the Bahgul (west),
the Sankha, the Deoranian and the Nakatia, and their tributaries, which
mostly rise in the Tarai.
The city of Faizabad originally known as Fyzabad,
is situated in Eastern India, in Uttar Pradesh State, on the bank of River
Saryu, about 130 k.m. east of Lucknow. The city was founded by Ali Vardi
Khan, nawab of Bengal (1676-1756) in 1730. The foundation
of Faizabad was laid by Saadat Khan, the second Nawab of Awadh. His
successor Shuja-ud-daula made it the capital of Awadh. Faizabad as a
township, developed about 220 years ago. Safdar Jang, the second nawab of
Avadh (1739-54), made it as his military headquarters
Faizabad is a place of sugar refineries and mills
for extracting oil from seeds. It is a market center for the produce of the
surrounding area, including grain, oilseeds, cotton, and tobacco. A
hydroelectric plant is located nearby. The ruins of the ancient town of
Ajodhya, with the modern town standing nearby, are located across the river
and form a part of Faizabad. Ayodhya, which is among the principal religious
centers of India, is an important place of Hindu pilgrimage. Faizabad is a
small developing city, here you can have fun of both the worlds of the town
as well as the village if you go outside the city you will find lots of
fields with plenty of crops.
Tourist attraction in
- Fort Calcutta was constructed by Shuja-ud-daulah after he suffered defeat
at the hands of the British, in the Battle of Buxer in 1764. The fort has
massive clay ramparts. The Nawab lived here, and after his death on the 26th
January, 1775, it continued to be the resident of his widow, Bahu Begum.
After Shuja-ud-daulah, the fort declined in importance and Lucknow became
the seat of power of the next Nawab, Asaf-ud-daulah.
Mausoleum of Bahu Begum
- Built in 1816, the mausoleum of Bahu Begum
is ‘the finest building of the kind in Oudh’. Built in white marble, it is
- The plan and chief features of this building are taken
from Gulab Bari, another important monument at Faizabad. Bahu Begum, widow
of Shuja-ud-daulah, fell prey to the conspiracy hatched by Asaf-ud-daulah in
connivance with the British East India Company.
The role of Warren Hastings (1774-85), the first Governor General of Bengal,
in the whole episode is not above reproach.
They tried to deprive the widow of the immense wealth which she had
inherited from her husband.
Mausoleum of Shuja-ud-daulah or Gulab Bari
- Situated 2.5km from the
Mausoleum of Bahu Begum, the mausoleum of Shuja-ud-daulah was built in 1775.
The ground floor contains three tombstones. The tomb in the centre is that
of Shuja-ud-daulah, while to its left lies the tomb of his mother. The third
one is that of his father. The complex also houses a mosque and an imambara
(tomb of a Shiite Muslim holy man). The imambara lies to the south of the
- There exists a fine museum in the Guptar Park, near the
Guptar Ghat. Within the park lies a temple, located at the place from where
Rama is believed to have disappeared.
There are some beautiful temples at the Guptar Ghat such as Chakra Harji
Vishnu Temple and Gupta Harji and Raja Mandir. Imprints believed to be of
Rama’s feet have been found in the Chakra Harji Vishnu Temple.
Gorakhpur, situated on the banks of rivers Rapti and Rohini was earlier
known as Ramgram and used to be the capital of the Koliyas. Gorakhpur got
its name from the famous saint Gorakhnath who lived and spread his message
there. There is also evidence that Lord Buddha also visited Gorakhpur and
then moved to Kushinagar, a nearby pilgrimage center of Buddhists.Gorakhpur
has a place of prominence in the history of Indian independence because it
was here that the 'ChauriChaura' incident took place when 19 British
policemen were burnt inside the police station which prompted Gandhiji to
give up the policy of non-cooperation.
The tourist attractions in Gorakhpur in the state
of Uttar Pradesh have a medieval splendour. Gorakhpur is also popular as a
stopover for Indian tourists going to Nepal because it shares a border with
Tourist attractions in Gorakhpur
Arogya Mandir -
Gorakhpur Arogya Mandir was established in the year 1940 by Dr. Vithal Das
Modi who took birth in Gorakhpur on 25th April 1912. Dr. Vithal Das Modi was
a graduate from Benaras Hindu University and took active part in the
fighting for India's freedom. He was a naturopath, litterateur and
philanthropist. He was also known to be the teacher of special repute of
'Vipassana' meditation taught by Gautam the Buddha, until 23rd march, 2000
when he died. This vice-president of All-India Nature-Cure council penned
several books on Nature-cure of which 'Rogon ki Saral Chikitsa' was widely
recognized and has been published in 14 editions.
Gorakhnath Temple –
This temple is situated around 4 kms from the city railway station on the
Nepal road and is dedicated to the great yogi, Gorakhnath. It is one of the
most prominent temples of the region. Every year during the month of
January, “Makar Sankranti Mela” is held which attracts pilgrims and tourists
from all parts of the country.
Vishnu Temple –
This temple is dedicated to God Vishnu and has a large statue of Lord Vishnu
made of black stone. Ram Lila is performed here during the Dusshera
Arogya Mandir – This is a renowned
centre for Naturopathy and patients come here for treatment of various
ailments while staying close to nature.
was built by the great Sufi saint Roshan Ali Shah during the 18th Century.
Every year during the Muslim month of Muharram “Tazia” processions are taken
out from the Imambara.
Ramgarh Tal(Lake) –This
is a huge natural lake near the city. There is an amusement park and a
planetarium, apart from these number of other water sports activities are
being developed to attract both the locals and the tourists.
Gita Press –This
is situated in the Reti Chowk area of the city and it is centre of great
cultural importance. All sorts of Hindu religious books and handloom
textiles are sold here at subsidized rates.The surroundings of Gorakhpur are
rich in cultural and historical sights. Some of the places which are worth
visiting and are close to Gorakhpur are:
is the birth place of Lord Buddha and it is situated in Nepal around 124 km
from Gorakhpur. A temple dedicated to Lord Buddha’s mother Mahamaya and an
Ashokan pillar with inscriptions in Prakit, can also be found here.
place is around 95 kms from Gorakhpur and is believed to be the place where
Lord Buddha spent 29 years of his early life. There is a big stupa from
where precious relics of Lord Buddha have been discovered during
–Situated around 70 km from Gorakhpur, this is the place where Lord
Mahavira, 24 Thirthankaras of Jains attained salvation or nirvana.
around 25 kms from Gorakhpur, this is the place where the great saint and
social reformer of the medieval period Sant Kabir Das breathed his last. A
temple and a mosque stand close by to the place where he was cremated as a
symbol of communal harmony.
Chauri Chaura –Chauri
chaura or Shaheed smarak is around 25 kms from Gorakhpur and is the place
where in 1922, a mob of around 2000 people torched a police station killing
19 of them. This violent incident forced Gandhiji to suspend the Non
Cooperation Movement which was started in 1920
is situated around 50 kms from Gorakhpur and is an important international
tourist centre, closely associated with Lord Buddha, the founder of
Buddhism. It is the place where Buddha breathed his last and achieved
Mahaparinirvana(salvation) and was cremated here.
Jaunpur was of great importance during medieval times. It was founded in the
century by Feroz Shah Tuglaq to perpetuate the memory of his
cousin Sultan Mohammad whose real name was Jauna. Later, around 1394 AD, it
became the centre of the independent Sharquie kingdom of Jaunpur founded by
Malik Sarvar. They were great patrons of art and architecture and
constructed many fine tombs, mosques and madarsas. These have a distinctive
style which bear influences of later Tughlaq architecture. Jaunpur was also
an important centre of Islamic studies. While its architectural heritage
speaks of its illustrious past, the city is known today for its Jasmine oil,
tobacco leaves, raddish and imarti, a sweetmeat.PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Tourist attraction in
in 1408 in the reign of Ibrahim Sharquie, this mosque stands at the site of
a Hindu temple, dedicated to Atala Devi. This mosque represents the earliest
and finest example of Sharquie architecture. Its most distinguishing feature
is the original treatment of the facade of its prayer-hall composed of three
large ornamental archways, the central one of which soaring to 23 mts, is
Jami Masjid -
The most impressive and the largest of the mosques,
Jami Masjid was built by Hussain Shah in 1458-78. The imposing structure,
raised on a high plinth, encloses a courtyard. At the top of the interior of
the prayer hall is a lofty dome.
Lal Darwaza Masjid -
The construction of this mosque, around 1450, is
attributed to Bibi Raji, the queen of Sultan Mahmud Shah.
Khalis Mukhlis Masjid -
This was constructed by Malik Mukhlis and
Khalis in 1417.
Shitla Choukiya Dham -
This famous, ancient temple of Jaunpur is
dedicated to Shitla Mata.
Yamdagni Ashram -
A religious centre, this ashram is closely
associated with the life of sage Parashuram. Other places of interest
include Shahi Qil, Khwab-Gah, Dargah Chishti, Pan-e-Sharif, Jahangiri
Masjid, Akbari Bridge and the tombs of the Sharquie Sultans.
Jaunpur fort -
The simple yet well maintained Jaunpur Fort
overlooking river Gomati, was built by Feroz Shah in 1360. With an old
pillar, a mosque and a hammam to be seen, Jaunpur Fort is worth visiting.
There are good views from the fort's walls, especially towards Akbari
Bridge, the best view being from the fort.
Trilochan Mahadev Temple -
important temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, it is located 40 kms from Jaunpur.
Kanpur is one of the most populous cities in the north Indian state of Uttar
Pradesh. Kanpur is located on the banks of the Ganga and is an important
industrial center. Kanpur is home to several educational institutions
including CSJM University, one of the Indian Institutes of Technology,
University Institute of Engineering and Technology, HBTI, and GSVM Medical
Kanpur is historically very important, as it was the capital of independence
struggle of India. Many leaders, poets, thinkers and businessman of Kanpur
have made it big globally. The city has a unique charm. For tourists, the
city has to offer the historical ghats and temples of Bithoor, the freedom
fighter's epicentre Phoolbagh, 6th century city in Jajmau, the zoological
park and Nawabganj wildlife sanctuary.
Tourist attraction in
Shri Radhakrishna Temple -
It is beautifully constructed, J.K. temple is a boon to the devotees. Built
by J.K. Trust this architectural delight is a unique blend of ancient
architecture with the modern. Among the five shrines that the temple has the
central one is consecrated to Shri Radhakrishna and the other are adorned
with idols of Shri Laxminarayan, Shri. Ardhanarishwar, Shri Narmadeshwar and
The Kanpur Memorial Church -
The Kanpur Memorial Church was built in 1875 in honor of the British who
lost their lives in the war of 1857. The Church was designed by Walter
Granville architect of the east Bengal Railway. The complete Church in
Lombardic gothic style is handsomely executed in bright red brick with
polychrome dressings. The interior contains monuments to the mutiny
including several memorial tablets. In the separate enclosure to the east of
the church is the Memorial Garden approached through two gateways. Here the
handsome carved gothic screen designed by Henry Yule stands. Its centre is
occupied by the beautiful carved figure of an angle by Baron Carlo
Marochetti with crossed arms, holding palons and symbol of peace.
Jajmau - The
mound of Jajmau on the eastern end of kanpur occupies a high place among
ancient cities of the region. Excavations of the mound were undertaken
during 1957-58 which unearthed antiquities ranging from 600 BC to 1600 AD.
Today, Jajmau houses the Siddhnath and Siddha Devi temples and the mausoleum
of Makhdum Shah Ala-ul-Haq, the famous Sufi saint, built by Firoz Shah
Tughlaq in 1358. A mosque built by Kulich Khan in 1679 also stands here.
Glass Temple -
It is situated in Maheshwari Mohal behind the Kamla Tower. It is a beautiful
temple highly decorated with glass and enamel work.
Allen Forest Zoo -
The Kanpur Allen Forest Zoo was opened in 1971 and ranks among one of the
best zoos in the country. It is an ideal place for outdoor life and picnics
amongst picturesque surroundings.
Moti Jheel -
Moti Jheel is drinking water reservoir of kanpur waterworks. It is situated
in the benajhabar area of the city. The area around the jheel has recently
been developed into a beautiful recreation grounds and children parks.
Phool Bagh -
It is a beautiful park in the heart of the city on the Mall Road. In the
centre of the park is a building known as Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial.
After the first World War there was an Orthopedic Rehabilitation Hospital in
Dwarka Dhish Temple -
It is situated adjacent to Kamla Tower. This temple is dedicated to the
worship of Lord Krishna.The jhoola dedicated during sravan is worth viewing
in this temple
Kapilvastu is a prime archeological site and that
is why it is one of the most frequented tourist destinations in Nepal.
Though very little remains of what was once a flourishing town, the place is
a must visit. The place has the ruins of the palace where Lord Buddha spent
his formative years. The archeological works that had been done in this area
had to pass through various roadblocks including financial constraint. The
archeologists had dug out as many as 14 different layers of human habitation
in this area. The oldest among these dates back to 8th century before
Christ. The place is a must for archeological and historical buffs,
Kapilvastu was the capital of the Shakya Household
where Lord Buddha was born to king Shuddhodhana. He grew up amidst luxury
and shunned away from miseries of life. But one day he broke out the
luxurious entrapment of his father and set out for a journey. The place is
important to visualize the pre meditation, princely days of the Lord who had
contributed much to humanity by giving up his own luxury and princely status
There are many Stupas scattered around the place,
built by Ashoka and the Gupta Kings. The symbols left behind by the Shakya
dynasty is clearly visible here; moreover, there are relics of Lord Buddha
Tourist attraction in Kapilvastu
Tilaurakot Fort -
Located approximately 25 kilometers east of
Lumbini and about 4 kilometers north of Taulihawa, the modern district
center of Kapilbastu District(approx. 30,000 inhabitants), are the
archaeological remains of Tilaurakot. Thought to have been the citadel
complex of the larger surrounding Kapilvastu Kingdom, founded by Lord
Buddha's father Śuddhodana, the chief of the Shakya nation. Excavations have
revealed a considerable walled fortress approximately 300 meters long and
200 meters wide and containing exposed foundations of several building
complexes. Historically is is said that Prince Siddhartha grew up and spent
his early life inside Tilaurakot to the age of 29, oblivious of worldly
- Some 150 meters before Tilaurakot's western gate (the modern main
entrance) lies a small, neglected, but quaint museum housing jewelery and
other ornaments, coins, painted grey ware and northern black polished ware
pottery, and toys excavated from the site dating between the seventh century
BC and fourth century AD.
Kapilvastu Kingdom Complex Gotihawa - lies 5-km southwest of
Taulihawa town and is considered the natal town of Krakuchanda Buddha. The
place has ruins of ancient habitation, stupas and monasteries. The place was
visited by Ashoka as evidenced by a pillar with inscriptions. The pillar is
broken with the upper part missing.
Araurakot - lies about 9-km northeast of Tilaurakot. P.C. Mukheiji
(1899) identified it as the natal town of Kanakmuni Buddha. It is a
rectangular fortified area that contains a moat with heaps of ancient ruins.
Kundan - is located 2-km southwest of Taulihawa on way to Gotihawa.
It is a beautiful protected garden area with large structural ruins of
monasteries and stupas and with a tank nearby. This is considered the
historical sight where Lord Buddha, returning after many years preached, and
where his father, Śuddhodana, was converted to Buddhism.
Niglihawa :- 7-km northwest of Tilaurakot, was another site visited
by Ashoka and marked with a pillar. The pillar is broken into two pieces.
The standing base pillar has Ashokan inscription in Brahmi script and the
upper pillar has Devanagari inscription marking Ripu Mai's visit in 1312 AD.
There are ruins of monasteries, stupas and habitation. It is identified as
ancient town of Sobhawati, birthplace of Kanakmuni Buddha.
Sagarhawa - lies 3.5 kin. north of Tilaurakot and west of Banganga
river. It is a rectangular depression. Excavations done in 1896 traced
seventeen stupas and large monuments made from well-burnt bricks. Findings
of casket and other rare antiquities indicate them to be votive stupas of
the war dead. However, these stupas remain no more as they were excavated to
their foundation without restoration.
Lumbini Garden - Located approximately 22 kilometers east from
Taulihwa is the sacred birthplace of Lord Buddha. The garden stretches one
kilometer east west and 4 kilometers north south and besides having abundant
bird and even some wild life, has an amazing collection over 20 nation's
Kushinagar is one of the most frequented Buddhist
pilgrimage destinations in the Indian Sub-continent. The city has lots to
offer when it comes to Stupas and Temples. Almost each and every corner of
the city has some or other famous tourist attraction. While most of these
sites are old, there is a sizable number modern architecture too.
Tourist attraction in Kushinagar
- Ramabhar Stupa can be counted as one of the most sacred shrine of Buddhism
in the world. Situated just a kilometer off from the city center, Rambhar
Stupa is a must visit for every tourist flocking India. Ramvara Stupa is
said to mark the site where Lord Buddha was cremated and got
Mahaparinirvana. Kushinagar is a place that has been frequented by Lord
Buddha. There are sources, which confirm that Lord Buddha had many
discourses at this place.
- Nirvana Temple is one of the most frequented amongst Buddhism shrines in
the world. Nirvana Temple is a must visit destination during tour to India.
The place evokes emotion for every Buddhist because it is the same temple
near which, Buddha died. Nirvana Temple houses a statue of reclining Lord
Buddha that is 6 meters long. It is believed that this statue represents the
very last moments of Lord Buddha i.e. moments before he attained
Mathakaut Temple - Mathakaut
Temple is one of the most famous and most visited shrines in Kushinagar. The
Mathakaut shrine is situated at the distance of 300 meters from
Maha-Parinirvana Stupa, another famous Buddhist shrine in Kushinagar. The
place is famous for because this is the site from where a black stone image
of the Buddha in the 'Bhumi Sparsha Mudra' was recovered during early
excavations. 'Bhumi Sparsha Mudra' in Hindi means 'Kneel Down Posture'. It
is widely perceived that the last sermon of Lord Buddha was given here.
Watt Thai Temple
- Watt Thai Temple is one of the most beautiful and most visited temples in
Kushinagar. Watt Thai Temple is only one of its kinds not only in Kushinagar
but also in whole of Indian Sub-continent. The temple is centrally located
in Kushinagar and that is why it can be seen from anywhere and everywhere in
Kushinagar. The Temple has been laid out on a lush green lawn that is spread
in several acres of land.
Japanese Temple - Japanese Temple is one of the most beautiful
temples in Kushinagar. This is a must visit site during your tour to
Kushinagar. A magnificent 'Ashta Dhatu' or 'Eight Metals' statue of Lord
Buddha marks this temple. This statue has been brought from Japan in
dismantled form and was later joined before it was established in this
Chinese Temple - Chinese Temple is another fairly frequented tourist
destination in Kushinagar. The temple is famous for its distinct
architecture that puts it away from the numerous Buddhist Temples in
Kushinagar. The architecture of this temple is predominantly 'Han Chinese'
and has design elements that have been borrowed from various provinces of
land where Shri Krishna was born and spent his youth, has today little towns
and hamlets that are still alive with the Krishna legend and still redolent
with the music of his flute. Mathura, a little town on the River Yamuna was
transformed into a place of faith after Lord Krishna was born here.
Vrindavan, a village - once noted for its fragrant groves, is where he spent
an eventful youth. There are numerous other little spots in the area that
still reverberate with the enchantment of Shri Krishna.Tourist
attraction of Mathura,
- This temple is one of the most splendid and the most remarkable temples of
Mathura. It was built in the year 1814 and is located in the heart of the
city. It is presently the most visited temple of Mathura and currently
managed by the followers of the Vallabha sect. It lies on the eastern part
of Mathura and is recognized for its architectural magnificence.
Government Museum - It is the repository of the finest collection of
archaeological importance and is located at Dampier Park. You will find rare
items belonging to the Gupta and Kushan period (400 B.C.-1200A.D) that are
put on display. The other things you will come across are the collections of
Mathura School of Sculptures. This museum is an ideal place for an insight
into study of Indian Art and Iconography.
Krishna Janambhoomi - It is one of the most remarkable tourist
attractions in Mathura and is highly venerated by the tourists. This place
is said to be the birthplace of Lord Krishna. According to the people the
present temple is built over spot of the prison where Lord Krishna was born.
Kusum Sarovar -
The most striking among the Mathura tourist attractions actually is this 450
feet long tank that dates back to the time of Lord Krishna. It has a depth
of 60 feet and has many flights of stairs from all the sides. It is a half
an hour walk from another famous tank which is called Radha Kunj.
If your vacations coincide with the events and festivals that are celebrated
here, then the charm of celebrating the vacations will simply accentuate.
Some of the famous festivals celebrated with a lot of pomp here are
Janmashtami and Braj Yatra.
Touristplacesinindia.com offers online information on the things to watch in
Mathura and also offers useful inputs about Mathura.
Vrindavan, just 15 km from Mathura, is another major place of pilgrimage in
the state of Uttar Pradesh in the northern part of India. Vrindavan is known
for its numerous Hindu temples - both ancient and modern. The name Vrindavan
evokes the playfulness and lovable characteristics of Shri Krishna. This is
the wood where he frolicked with the gopis and tenderly wooed Radha. This
most revered destination of the Hindus is thronged by thousands of Tourists
from all over the country.
Tourist attraction in Vrindavan
The Madan Mohan Temple located near the Kali Ghat. This is the oldest
existent temple in Vrindavan today. The temple is closely associated with
the saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. The original image of Lord Madan Gopal was
shifted from the shrine to Karauli in Rajasthan for safe keeping during
Aurangzeb's rule. Today, a replica of the image is worshiped at the temple.
The Banke-Bihari Temple built in 1864 is the most popular shrine at
Vrindavan. The image of Banke-Bihari was discovered in Nidhi Vana by Swami
Haridas, the great Krishna devotee, belonging to the Nimbarka sampradaya.
Vallabh Temple -
The famous Radha Vallabh Temple set up by the Radha - Vallabh sampradaya,
has the crown of Radharani placed next to the Shri Krishna image in the
The Jaipur Temple which was built by Sawai Madho Singh II, the Maharaja of
Jaipur in 1917, is a richly embellished and opulent temple. The fine hand -
carved sandstone is of unparalleled workmanship. The temple is dedicated to
Shri Radha Madhava.
Sri Radha Raman Mandir -
Sri Radha Raman Mandir constructed at the request of Gopala Bhatta Goswami
around 1542 is one most exquisitely crafted and revered temples of
Vrindavan, especially by the Goswamis. It still houses the original saligram
deity of Krishna, alongside Radharani.
The Shahji Temple, another popular temple at Vrindavan, was designed and
built in 1876 .The deities (images) at the temple are popularly known as the
Chhote Radha Raman. Noted for its magnificent architecture and beautiful
marble sculpture, the temple has twelve spiral columns each 15 feet high.
The `Basanti Kamra' - the darbar hall is famed for its Belgian glass
chandeliers and fine paintings.
The Rangaji Temple, built in 1851 is dedicated to Lord Ranganatha or Rangaji
depicted as Lord Vishnu in his sheshashayi pose, resting on the coils of the
sacred Sesha Naga. The temple built in the Dravidian style has a tall
gopuram (gateway) of six storeys and a gold - plated Dhwaja stambha, 50 feet
highThe temple is also famous for its `Brahmotsdav' celebration in
March-April, more popularly known as the `Rath ka Mela'. The ten day long
celebrations are marked by the pulling of the rath (the chariot car) by the
devotees from the temple to the adjoining gardens.
Govind Deo (Govindaji) Temple -
The Govind Deo (Govindaji) Temple was once a magnificent seven storeyed
structure built in the form of a Greek cross. It is said that the Emperor
Akbar donated some of the red sandstone that had been brought for the Red
Fort at Agra, for the construction of this temple. Built at the astronomical
cost of one crore rupees in 1590 by his general Raja Man Singh, the temple
combines western, Hindu and Muslim architectural elements in its structure.
It was destroyed by Mughal ruler Aurangzeb.
Krishna-Balrama Temple -
The Sri Krishna-Balrama Temple built by the International Society for
Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) in a location known as 'Raman-Reti', is one
of the most beautiful temples in Vrindavan today. The principal deities of
this temple are Krishna & Balaram, with Radha-Shyamasundar and Gaura-Nitai
alongside. Adjoining the temple is the samadhi of A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami
Prabhupada, the founder of ISKCON, built in pure white marble.
Radha Damodar Mandir -
The Radha Damodar Mandir Located at Seva Kunj, the Mandir was established in
1542 by Srila Jiva Goswami. The deities Sri Sri Radha Damodar are here. The
bhajan kutir of A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada is also situated at the
Benaras is a Hindu holy city on the banks of the river Ganga (Ganges) in the
modern north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is also known as Varanasi,
Banaras, Benaras, Kashi, and Kasi. Varanasi has a unique culture, quite
different from other places in the region. This culture has developed
through thousands of years during which it has been one of the major
cultural centres of northern India. The whole Varanasi culture revolves
around the river Ganga, which is the heart and soul of the city. Varanasi
has its own 'Gharanas' (style of music) in classical Indian music. Varanasi
has produced some of the most well-known musicians, philosophers, poets,
writers in Indian history. To name a few, Kabir, Munshi Premchand, Pandit
Ravi Shankar, Ustad Bismillah Khan were/are from Varanasi. It even has its
own dialect, which is quite different from other dialects of the region. It
has been a seat of knowledge from about 700 BC onwards. Its universities
attracted students from all over the then-known world.
Major Tourist attraction in Varanasi
Bharat Kala Bhavan -
Bharat Kala Bhavan, located inside the BHU campus, is an art and
architecture museum and houses a vast collection of paintings, Hindu and
Buddhist sculptures and other materials of archeological importance. The
Bharat Kala Bhavan was established in the year 1920 A.D. In the main hall of
the Bharat Kala Bhawan, there is a figure of a man standing on one leg and
one hand on his hip and lifting a mass of stone above his head, with one
hand. The figure is said to be of Lord Krishna, lifting Mount Govardhana.
Many images in the Bharat Kala Bhavan confirm to the existence of Krishna
cult in Kashi in 15th and 16th century.
Hindu University -
The Banaras Hindu University or BHU is an internationally reputed University
and is situated in Varanasi. The great nationalist leader, Pandit Madan
Mohan Malaviya, founded the Banaras Hindu University in the year 1916. Dr
Annie Besant also played an important role in the formation of the BHU. The
Banaras Hindu University played an important role in the Indian independence
movement. Over a period of time, it has developed into one of the greatest
centers of learning in India. The BHU has produced many great freedom
fighters and Nation builders. It has immensely contributed to the progress
of the nation through a large number of renowned scholars, artists and
New Vishwanath Temple (Golden Temple) -
Varanasi is known for its temples and Ghats and the sacred dip in the holy
river Ganges. Among the various temples, the new Vishwanath Temple is an
important one and is situated within the walls of Banaras Hindu University.
Apart from being called the Golden Temple, it is also known as the Birla
Temple as the Indias well-known industrialist family, the Birlas, built it.
This temple stands in dedication to Lord Shiva and is similar to the real
Vishwanath temple. Being built in white marbles, the temple is wide open for
people of different religions and castes and ones eyes truly get delighted
by seeing the huge campus of the temple.
Jantar Mantar -
Jantar Mantar is an observatory, built by Jai Singh, the Maharaja of Jaipur
in the year 1737. Jai Singh was a great admirer of science and technology
and he was particularly passionate about astronomy. Before the commencement
of construction (of observatories) he sent scholars abroad to study the
foreign observatories. The emissaries returned with many manuals on
astronomy. The Jantar Mantar at Varanasi was built in line with Delhi ,
Mathura, Ujjain and Jaipur observatories.
- The Ramnagar fort lies about 14 km. from Varanasi and is situated on the
opposite bank of river Ganga. It is the ancestral home of the Maharaja of
Banaras. Maharaja Balwant Singh built this fort-palace in the eighteenth
century. The fort is built in red sandstone. The Ramnagar fort has a temple
and a museum within the grounds and the temple is dedicated to Ved Vyasa,
who wrote Mahabharata, the great Indian epic. Legends have it that Ved Vyasa
stayed here for a brief period.
- Nandeshwari Kothi, designed by James Prinsep is a typical building of the
early 19th century in Benaras.
Bharat Mata Temple -
Among the various temples in Varanasi, Bharat Mata Temple is of a different
kind. To the contrary of tourists belief, the temple is not in dedication to
any particular God or Goddess. Instead it is mainly dedicated for the human
expression of India famously known Bharat Mata in Hindi or Mother India.
With no statues or image of Bharat Mata, it houses Indias relief map
engraved out of marble and it was inaugurated by the father of Indian
Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. The temple is constructed with 5 distinct pillars
conversing one at the top and signifies wind, earth, water, fire and sky,
the 5 basic elements.
Durga Temple -
One of the most important temples in Varanasi is the Durga Temple and is
also referred as monkey temple as many monkeys are found in the premises. In
dedication to Goddess Durga, it was built during the eighteenth century. It
Designed and built by a Bengali Maharani in Nagara Style, a style of temple
architecture of North India. Also it is painted in red with ochre and owns a
multi-tiered spire or the shikhara. Legends believed that the statue of
Goddess Durga appeared on its own and not man-made. Goddess Durga is
depicted as the avatar of shakti or the female power.
Hanuman Ghat -
Most of the spectacular ghats of Varanasi are crowded by the local pilgrims
who execute their routine spiritual observances in the morning and also in
the evening. One can never miss their vision from the Hanuman Ghat in
Varanasi. It is highly believed by the people that during the 18th
cent A.D, a Hanuman temple was established by the great saint Tulsidas and
in ancient times this ghat was called as the Ramesvaram Ghat which was laid
down by lord Ram himself and now the ghat lies with in the boundary of Juna
Akhara. However, many ascetics and saints reside in the temples and the
neighborhood being overshadowed by the residents of South India.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple -
Kashi Vishwanath Temple is similar to Varanasi and is considered the most
famous and sacred pilgrimage. The history of this temple has had rise and
fall and is also known Golden Temple rarely. This temple stands in
dedication to Lord Shiva, the worlds destroyer and is the commanding deity
of Varanasi. It is believed and said that the foremost Jyotirlinga got burst
in this city and blazed up towards heaven. In order to settle down the war
of mastery among Hindu Gods, Lord Shiva created this type of burst. The
original lingam of Lord Shiva lies concealed in a Well of knowledge adjacent
to the temple.
Ramnagar Museum -
The Ramnagar Fort situated 14 kms away from Varanasi has a museum and a
temple within the premises and is considered the ancestral residence of the
Banaras Maharajas. The museum displays a royal collection which comprises
royal palkies, vintage Cars, inventory of swords, ivory work, antique clocks
and old guns. Other artifacts displayed in the Ramnagar fort-palace museum
are the array of howdahs that are gold plated, weapons, ornate palanquins,
furniture, costumes, saddles of elephants carved out of silver etc. This
museum houses few of the best and magnificent items which in one period
belonged to the royal society and is a big treasure for the city.
Tulsi Manas Temple -
Tulsi Manas Temple owns a very historical and cultural importance not only
in Varanasi but also in whole India. This is because the city is closely
related to an event still ruling the Psychology of Indian people. Ramayana,
a popular Hindu epic was compiled at this place and the man who composed it
was Goswami Tulsi Das. He wrote the Hindi version called the Ram Charit
Manas while in the earlier days only the Sanskrit version was available.
Though the temple doesnt look attractive, its simplicity stands important
with beautiful surroundings and its walls are sprinkled with Ram Charit
The city dwells from the time of Buddha reign and is a significant city of
Buddhist pilgrimage. The ace city of Sarnath is a gem located 10 kms away
from Varanasi. According to history book, Sarnath city originated or revived
some 2500 years ago when Budhha came here to deliver his first sermon after
attaining 'Niravana', enlightenment.
It was this place where Lord Buddha came across five discplines who later
became a part of his later didactics. His disciplines who followed him were
astound to see the visage which mesmerically convinced the people and to opt
buddhism as their religion. It is now known as the Dharamachakra Pravartan.
It then sey in motion of great Buddhist tradition of the Sangha which
generalized the Buddhist teachings across the globe.
Tourist attraction in Sarnath
- It is often refferd to as the ' Seat of Holy Buddha'. It is about 34 mtrs
in height including the foundations. The Dhemak stupa can be measured upto
42 mtrs. This is the place where Buddhism was first voiced and thereby is an
imporatant Buddhist tourist destination.
The Chaukhandi Stupa -
This is one of its kind as it was originally a terraced temple created in
Gupta period. Later on Govardhan, son of Raja Todarmal, altered its
Dharmarajika stupa -
Constructed in 3 rd centuary BC is said to contain Buddha relics on green
marble casket.The stupa was created by Emperor Ashoka.
Moradabad is a city in Uttar Pradesh state of India. It was established in
1600 by Murad, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan; as a result the city
came to known as Moradabad. It is situated at a distance of 167 km from the
national capital, New Delhi, at the bank of River Ram Ganga (a tributary to
the great Ganges). Moradabad is renowned for brass work and has carved a
niche for itself in the handicraft industry throughout the world. The
brassware is exported to countries like USA, Britain, Canada, Germany and to
the Middle East and Asia. Therefore Moradabad is also called "Brass City" or
The brassware industry in Moradabad bloomed in early 19th century and
British took the art to foreign markets. Other immigrating artisans from
Benaras, Lucknow, Agra and many other places formed the current cluster of
brassware industry in Moradabad.
In 1980's various other metal wares like brass; iron, aluminum etc. were
also introduced to the art industry of Moradabad. New technologies like
Electroplating, lacquering, powder coating etc. also found its way to the
Tourist attraction in Moradabad
The Prem Wonderland and Prem Water Kingdom, Moradabad is located near the
Railway Crossing on Rampir Road. With exciting and fun rides, this is a
great place to visit with family or friends. The water park is a delight
offering terrific water slides and other rides, sure to brin out the child
in you. So, while in Moradabad, do not miss enjoying this experience.
- Baba’s name and deeds are respected & revered as a Fakir saint of the
current era. Shirdi Sai Baba with his supernatural energies had enlightened
the masses of these times. To combat the prevailing evils and dogmas emerged
out of caste systems, & religious sects, Shirdi Sai Baba was the first to
announce and prove the Oneness Of God with a universal salutation, ‘SABKA
MAALIK EK’. Shirdi Sai Baba would equally acknowledge all religions, castes
and creed. This is the reason why among all saints, Mahatmas, Fakirs,
Priests and Gurus, Shirdi Sai Baba occupies a unique position. The temple is
located at Shri Sai Karuna Dham, Deen Dayal Nagar, Phase II, Moradabad
offers some of the best works of bronze and copper in the
world and one visiting Moradabad should be on the lookout of these.
- In Moradabad, the prime market is called Peetal Mandi. This is a
congested alley that has several small and big shops that sell copper and
bronze. At the beginning, one can find small shops that sell decorative
small items and miniatures.
However as one progresses inside there are huge showrooms that exhibit
exclusive objects. The most favored copper items are the utensils. These are
available in all sizes and shapes and are adorned with exquisite Naqqashi
Other popular objects are
the ‘Gulabpash’ or Rosewater Sprayer and ‘Itradan’ or Perfume Sprayer. These
two items also have various sizes and shapes and are created from bronze.
The ‘Aftab’ or Wine servers have attractive copper lining but are heavy.
Meerut is a significant tourism destination in Uttar Pradesh. The city
boasts of some very important historical as well as cultural heritage sites.
These sites are dotted all over the town and therefore they can only be
covered via private cabs.
Meerut is one of the most imperative towns in the Northern part of India.
The town, located in Western Uttar Pradesh boasts a rich and long history
behind it. The city was included in Hastinapur Empire of Kaurvas that ruled
the Vedic India and was the protagonists of Hindu Epic of Mahabharata. The
city again rose to eminence in medieval times when it defended itself
vehemently but fruitlessly against Timor The Lame.
Tourist attraction in Meerut
Meerut is an important tourism destination in Uttar Pradesh. The city boasts
of some very important historical as well as cultural heritage sites. These
sites are scattered all over the town and therefore they can only be covered
via private cabs. Following are some of the most important sites in Meerut.
- Sardhana is situated 20 kilometers from the Meerut Town. The place Houses
a famous Catholic Church built in the year 1822 by Begum Samru. Tradition
has it that Sarkat, a Raja, founded the place and remained in the possession
of his descendants till the advent of the Muslims. In 1778 Walter Reinhardt
was assigned the Jagir of Sardhana but on his death in the same year the
estate passed into the hands of his widow, Begum Samru. Begum Samru also
Called Begum Sombre and had nicknames such as Zebunissa, Farzana and Joanna,
started her career as a Nautch girl in 18th century India. Later on, she
played a very crucial role in the politics and power struggle in 18th and
19th century India.
Hastinapur is the ancient capital of Kaurvas rulers of Hindu Epic
Mahabharata. The place however is more famous for its Jain Temples these
days. Acharya Kharatargatchh has described 4 stoops (pillars) at the time of
his visit. The Shwetambar temple is renovated recently. The establishment of
Digambara Temple followed it. Gurjar king Nain Singh renovated Digambara
Jain Bada Mandir and Old Pandeshwer Temple. There is also Pandeshwer Temple.
It is actually an old temple of Lord Shiva, situated in the ruins of old
- The Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee) is located just
70 Kilometers from Meerut. Instituted as Thomason college of Civil
Engineering in year 1847 by British, it was re-christened as University of
Roorkee in year 1949. It is acclaimed for its fine quality of academia and
for producing brilliant engineers. IIT Roorkee is one of the premier
institutes across the world and is a frontrunner in higher technological
education and in basic and applied research. The institute celebrated its
sesquicentennial anniversary in October 1996. On September 21, 2001, an
ordinance issued by the Government of India declared it as the nation's
seventh Indian Institute of Technology. The ordinance was converted into an
act by the Parliament to make IIT Roorkee an "Institution of National
Festivals of Lucknow
- Celebrated during the months of November - December, the Lucknow festival
is a very important festival in this place. The unique and scintillating
culture of Lucknow is portrayed in this festival. The Lucknow Festival is
celebrated for a time period of ten days. In these ten days, Lucknow wears a
grand and royal look and the whole city comes alive with joyous celebration.
The Lucknow Festival is a platform to showcase the rich and unique culture,
arts and crafts and the finer aspects of the lifestyle of Lucknow. Also, it
is the best place to taste the lip-smacking cuisine that Lucknow is famous
Vrindavan Sharadotsav - The festival of Vrindavan Sharadotsav is
celebrated every year in the month of October. Though it is not exactly
celebrated in Lucknow, people over here also indulge in celebrating this
festival that is dedicated to Lord Krishna of the Hindu mythology. This
festival captures the magic spun by Lord Krishna in the form of a child and
then as a young adult. The town of Vrindavan near Lucknow is decorated
beautifully and the celebration is marked by much joy and fanfare.
Holi - Holi is one festival that is celebrated all over India with
great enthusiasm and enjoyment. People in Lucknow indulge in elaborate
celebrations. Children as well as adults go around throwing colored powder
known as "Gulal" and drench all passer-bys with colored water. Lots of
sweets and special dishes are made on this occasion and people indulge in
all sorts of festivities.
Diwali - Diwali is an important festival in Lucknow and is celebrated
by people all over Lucknow and India. Diwali is celebrated to mark the
triumph of good over evil when lord Rama killed the demon king Ravana and
returned back to his kingdom in Ayodhya. People lit small lamps outside
their homes and welcomed the young prince with a brilliant display of
fireworks. This tradition is carried on till date and Lucknow looks like a
wonderland on the eve of Diwali when it is illuminated by thousands of
Dusshera - Dusshera is an important festival of Lucknow and people
celebrate it in the honor of Lord Rama who killed the demon king Ravana. On
this day, huge effigies of Ravana and his two demon brothers are put up in
various parts of the city and are set afire by people dressed up as Lord
Rama. The battle scene is enacted first and the effigies are set afire when
Ravana gets killed. It is a time to indulge in celebration and enjoyment.
Festivals of Agra
Agra district has many rural areas that are greatly influenced by the
religious and sentimental attachment to the surrounding areas of Mathura and
Vrindavan to Lord Krishna and Radha. Most of the fairs and festivals
organized in the region are either temple festivals, religious festivals or
cattle and village fairs based on Krishna's life such as Dauji ka mela, Kans
lila, cattle fair Jat Devi, cattle fair Kund Mela, cattle fair Gwal Balba,
Meta ki Puja Jat Devi, Holi Milap, Mata-ka-mela, Shitla Mela, Parikrama of
Shivji, Kailash Mela, Janamashthmi, Dussehra, Kali-ka-mela, Ram lila, Urs
Sufi Sahib and Bateshwar cattle fair. However, we have brought you the most
famous of these fairs and festivals of the region.
Taj Mahotsav -
Much famous and beloved cultural festival of Agra, Taj Mahotsav is organized
annually for ten days during February. Shilpgram (the Crafts Village), the
chosen venue for this fair is close to Taj. Here, one can find extensive
display of arts, crafts and culture of India along with classical dance and
song performances. 'Mushairas' and 'Ghazal' programmes by the well-known
Indian artists. Children love to ride on camels and elephants in the vene
while one can taste traditional Indian delicacies at the luring stalls here.
The colorful celebrations welcome the Spring with a fiesta of Indian
cuisine, dance and music, cultural displays and exhibition of arts and
Bateshwar Fair -
Bateshwar is just 70 km from Agra and is names so after the presiding deity
of the region, Bateshwar Mahadeo. It is an important spiritual and cultural
centre boasting of 108 temples of the various gods and goddesses of Hindus.
Bateshwar Fair is organized here annually during the months of October or
November in the honor of Lord Shiva for a month. Thousands of devotees visit
the venue to take holy dips in River Yamuna and participate in the Livestock
and Cattle Fair, which is famous in the nearby areas.
Ram Barat -
The special marriage procession of Sri Ram, held annually at Agra, is known
as 'Rambarat' and precedes Dussehra. It is a part of 'Ramlila', the staging
of life of Rama that ends with killing of Ravana, on the day of Dussehra.
Its specialty lies in the beautiful 'jhankis' of the deities and the special
set of the palace arranged at the chosen venue as 'Janakpuri', the palace of
Raja Janak who was the father of Goddess Sita. A major fair is organized in
the locality and thousands of people visit the venue to see the fair and
attend the elaborate royal wedding of the divine deities. The procession
starts from Lala Channomalji Ki Baradari for the Janakpuri venue and passes
through different parts of the town. Special chariot covered with silver
leaves is used as the mount of Ram while his brothers mount the elephants.
The elaborate and heavy headgears look stunning. Teenaged boys play the
female characters of the drama.
Kailash Fair -
Held at Kailash temple in the honor of Lord Shiva, 12 km from Agra, Kailash
fair is celebrated to commemorate the appearance of Lord Shiva in the form
of a stone lingam here in the monsoon months of August and September. The
major fair attracts devotees from all the nearby areas.
Festivals of Allahabad
Maha Kumbh Mela
- Legends have it, that the Gods fought a great
battle with the demons over a pot full of amrit, which had emerged out of
churning the ocean. In the ensuing tussle, four drops of this nectar fell on
earth at four different places of Haridwar, Prayag (Allahabad), Ujjain and
Nashik. Every 12 years when the planets are in similar alignment, the Maha
Kumbh Mela takes place on the banks of the holy Sangam at Allahabad, where
lakhs of pilgrims take bath on the banks of the holy Sangam. The main
bathing days for the Kumbh Mela are known as 'Shahi Snans' or 'Royal Bathing
Days', which are Makar Sankranti, Paush Purnima, Mauni Amavasya, Basant
Panchmi, Maghi Poornima and Maha Shivratri.
Ardh Kumbh Mela - It is held every sixth year after the Maha Kumbh
Mela that takes place every 12 years.
Magh Mela -
This is held annually, other than the years of Kumbh and Ardh Kumbh and is
rightfully called the annual mini Kumbh Mela. The auspicious Magh Mela is so
called as it falls in the Magh period (Jan-Feb). This annual religious event
or the great bathing festival is a smaller version of the gigantic Kumbh
Mela. Sangam, the confluence of the rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati,
hosts the annual Magh Mela, which turns into the Kumbh Mela every twelfth
year. During the auspicious period when the Magh Mela is held, a temporary
township comes up on the banks of the Ganga river to shelter millions of
pilgrims. Devotees live in these temporary shelters for the whole duration
of the mela leading a sacred life.
Festivals of Ayodhya
Rama Navami -
Rama Navami is a Hindu holiday. It falls on the
ninth day of the Hindu lunar year (or Chaitra Masa Suklapaksha Navami). and
is a celebration of the birthday of the Hindu god Rama. People normally
perform Kalyanotsavam (marriage celebration) for small murtis of Rama and
Sita in their houses, and at the end of the day the deity is taken to a
procession on the streets.
Ramnavami occurs in the month of March. Celebrations begin with a prayer to
the Sun early in the morning. At midday, when Lord Rama is supposed to have
been born, a special prayer is performed. In northern India especially, an
event that draws popular participation is the Ramnavami procession. The main
attraction in this procession is a gaily decorated chariot in which four
persons are dressed up as Rama, his brother Laxman, his queen Sita and his
People observe a waterless (nirjala) fast on this day. Arti at noon, the
time of Lord Rama's birth, is performed in all Ram mandirs in India and
abroad. The festival is celebrated with great eclat especially in four major
pilgrim places, namely, in Nasik, Tirupati, Rameshwar and Ayodhya
Fair and Festivals of Kushinagar
Buddha Poornima is the most important festival celebrated in April/May.
Thousands of people come to Kushinagar to celebrate the three most important
stages of Buddha?s life?birth, enlightenment, and death.
Fairs & Festivals of Mathura
- Holi is celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Phalguna
(Feb-March). Holi in Braja is celebrated for several days, at different
places around Braja, before the actual day of Holi. People throw colored
powdered dye and colored water on each other. This is joyfully celebrated in
Braja, especially at Varsana, Nandagram and Dauji. In Varsana the festival
includes colorful processions with music, song, dance, and some boisterous
scenes around the temples. If you go to these festivals you should expect to
be totally covered in dye and never to be able to use the clothes that you
are wearing again, at least until next year's festival. This is celebrated
at the same time as Gaura Purnima.
Places Holi is
Varsana Groups of visitors go around in small and large groups here.
In the afternoon gopas (men) from Nandagram come to Varsana and play Holi
with the local gopis (women) of Varsana. The women hit the men hard with 2
½m (7ft) long bamboo staffs. The men have shields which they protect
themselves with. During this time local songs are sung. This festival is
celebrated on the ninth day of the month of Phalguna (Feb-March).
Nandagram The day after the Holi festival at Varsana, Holi is
celebrated in Nandagram. The gopas (men) from Varsana come to Nandagram to
play Holi with the gopis (women) there. The flag of the Larily Lal Temple in
Varsana is carried in an elaborate procession to Nandagram. At this time the
residents of Nandagram attempt to capture the flag, but their attempts are
foiled. After this, women play Holi with bamboo staffs. This festival is
celebrated on the tenth day (dasami) of the month of Phalguna (Feb-March).
Phalen - On the full moon night in Feb/March a huge bon-fire is
burned. One of the local priests walks through the fire unscathed. One story
about Holi is that Prahlada Maharaja refused to worship his father and
wanted to worship his father's enemy, Lord Vishnu instead. His father's
sister Holika, who was immune to being burned, sat with the boy in a big
fire. Prahlada's devotion was so great that Holika was burnt to death and
Prahlada was unharmed. The Holi festival at Phalen re-enacts this event.
Dauji (Baldeo) - The festival here is a pretty wild event. Women pore
buckets of colored water on the men. The men are also thrashed with whips
made of cloth, which has been torn apart from men's clothing. The men can
not touch the bodies of the women or unveil their faces. From the roof of
the temple; basketfuls of colored powder are emptied on participants and
onlookers, creating a thick haze of colors.
Festivals of Varanasi
Bharat Milap (Oct - Nov), at Nati Imli -
Celebrating Lord Ram's return to Ayodhya after
14 years of exile and His reunion with His brother Bharat, the festival is
held one day following Dussehra. Attended by the Kashi Naresh resplendent in
regal finery, the festival attracts at least a million devotees.
Buddh Purnima: Sarnath (May) - Celebrating the birth of Lord Buddha,
this festival is celebrated with gaiety and rare abandon. A large fair is
held at Sarnath and the relics of the Buddha are taken out for a public
display on a procession, on this day.
The Unique Ramlila of Ramnager - This world renowned Ram Lila has
been based on Goswami Tulsidas's 'Ramcharitmanas' and one can see a live
demonstration of ancient rituals. A month long feast for the tourists.
Ramlila is performed in the form of Ram Janmotsav, Dhanush Bhang, Surpnakha
Nasika Chedan etc. at various places.
Dhrupad Mela March - A 5-day musical festival of Dhrupad is performed
by renowned artistes at Tulsi Ghat. It is very popular among foreign
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